Sunday Scripture Readings October 3 2010 27th Sunday in Ordinary Time

October 3 2010 Twenty Seventh Sunday in Ordinary Time
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

Habakukk 1:2-3; 2:2-4
Douay-Rheims Challoner

How long, O Lord, shall I cry, and thou wilt not hear? shall I cry out to thee suffering violence, and thou wilt not save? Why hast thou shewn me iniquity and grievance, to see rapine and injustice before me? and there is a judgment, but opposition is more powerful.

And the Lord answered me, and said:

Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables: that he that readeth it may run over it. For as yet the vision is far off, and it shall appear at the end, and shall not lie: if it make any delay, wait for it: for it shall surely come, and it shall not be slack. Behold, he that is unbelieving, his soul shall not be right in himself: but the just shall live in his faith.

Responsorial Psalm 94:1-2, 6-9 (Ps 95 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

Come let us praise the Lord with joy:
let us joyfully sing to God our saviour.
Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving;
and make a joyful noise to him with psalms.
Come let us adore and fall down:
and weep before the Lord that made us.
For he is the Lord our God:
and we are the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand.
To day if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts:
As in the provocation, according to the day of temptation in the wilderness:
where your fathers tempted me, they proved me, and saw my works.

2 Timothy 1:6-8, 13-14
Haydock NT

For which cause I admonish thee, that thou stir up the grace of God, which is in thee, by the imposition of my hands. For God hath not given us the spirit of fear: but of power, and of love, and of sobriety. Be not thou, therefore, ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me, his prisoner: but labour with the gospel, according to the power of God:

Hold the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me in faith, and in the love which is in Christ Jesus. Keep the good deposit by the Holy Ghost, who dwelleth in us.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 17:5-10
Haydock New Testament

And the apostles said to the Lord;

Increase our faith.

And the Lord said;

If you had faith like to a grain of mustard-seed, you might say to this mulberry-tree; Be thou rooted up, and be transplanted into the sea, and it shall obey you.

But which of you having a servant ploughing or feeding cattle, will say to him when he is come from the field: Immediately go, sit down to table: And will not rather say to him: Make ready my supper, and gird thyself, and serve me whilst I eat and drink, and afterwards thou shalt eat and drink?

Doth he thank that servant, because he did the things which he commanded him? I think not.  So you also, when you shall have done all the things that are commanded you, say: We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which we ought to do.

Haydock Commentary Habakukk 1:2-3; 2:2-4
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver.  2. Save. Some think that he expresses the sentiments of the weak, like David, (Ps. lxxii. 2.) or what he had formerly entertained.  The language of the prophets is very bold.  Ex. xxxii. 32.  Job iii. 3.  Jer. xx. 14.  Jon. iv. 8.  C.
  • Ver.  3. Opposition. Sept. “the judge receives” bribes.  H. — Such was the state of Juda after Josias.  Jer. xxi. 12.
  • HABACUC 2
  • CHAPTER II.
  • Ver. 2. Over it. It shall be so legible (H.) anyone may hear or take a copy.  C.
  • Ver.  3. Slack. That which happens at the time fixed is not.  W. — Heb. “the vision is for an appointed time.”  Habacuc might live to see the conquest and downfall of Nabuchodonosor.  Many think that the first and second coming of Christ (Heb. x. 36.  Rom. i. 17.) are here insinuated, as the dominion of the aforesaid king represented the slavery of mankind under the devil, and the liberty granted by Cyrus was a type of their redemption.  The felicity of the Jews is the last event which the prophet specifies, and this is here the literal sense.  S. Cyr.  C.
  • Ver. 4. Unbelieving. Prot. “lifted up.”  H. — The king’s vain projects shall fail.  Sept. Rom. “If he withdraw himself, my soul shall not have pleasure in him.  But my just man shall live by my faith.”  Others read with S. Paul, “my just man shall live by faith.”  Heb. x. 38.  C. — The source of content arises from faith, (without which this life would be a sort of death, as the apostle and S. Aug. Trin. xiv. 12. &c. observe) because it is the beginning of life by grace, which the works of the law could not otherwise confer.  Gal. iii.  W. — The Heb. will admit the sense of the Sept. and we ought rather to shew this in passages which the authors of the New Testament quote, than to excuse them.  Here their version seems preferable to that given by moderns, ecce elata est, non recta anima ejus in eo, the drift of which who can guess?  Beza has acted unfairly, “at si quis se subduxerit non est gratum animo meo;” whereas the text speaks of the “just man,” as Theophylactus observes.  “Hence all who know his theological opinions, may see how suspicious his translation must be accounted.”  Pearson. pref. Sept.  H.

Haydock Commentary 2 Timothy 1:6-8, 13-14

  • Ver. 6. That thou stir up[2] the grace of God. In the Greek is a metaphor for fire that is blown up again. — Which is in thee by the imposition of my hands, when thou wast ordained bishop.  Wi. — The grace, which S. Paul here exhorts Timothy to stir up in him, was the grace he had received by imposition of hands, either in his confirmation, or at receiving the sacrament of orders, being a bishop.  This verse seems to shew that the imposition of hands is used in these two sacraments, as the essential matter of the sacraments, being the instrumental cause of the grace therein conferred.  Dion. Carthus.
  • Ver. 7. Of fear.[3]  Of a cowardly fear, and want of courage. — Of sobriety.[4]  Though the Protestants here translate of a sound mind, yet they translate the same Greek word by sobriety in divers other places, as Acts xxvi. 25.  1 Tim. ii. 9 and 15. and c. iii. 2. Tit. i. 8. &c.  Wi.
  • Ver. 8. Labour with[5] the gospel. That is, labour with me in preaching, &c.  Or by the Greek, be partner with me in suffering.  Wi.
  • Ver. 14. Keep the good (doctrine) deposited or committed[7] in trust to thee. This is different, though the word be the same, from what he spoke of, v. 12.  There he mentioned what he had committed and deposited in the hands of God; here he speaks of what God hath committed, and deposited in the hands of Timothy, after it was delivered to him by S. Paul and the other preachers of the gospel: that is, he speaks of the care Timothy must take to preserve the same sound doctrine, and to teach it to others.  See 1 Tim. vi. 20.  Wi.

Haydock Commentary Luke 17:5-10

  • Ver. 5. Increase our faith. The disciples having heard our Saviour inculcating maxims hard to flesh and blood, such as avoiding scandal, and forgiving our enemies, humbly beg their faith may be increased, that they may be able to comply with these maxims; for they had heard Christ say, that every thing was possible to him that believed.  Theophy. — Christ compares faith to a grain of mustard seed; because, though the grain be small, it is nevertheless stronger than most herbs.  S. Chrysos.
  • Ver. 6. To this mulberry-tree. In S. Matthew, (xvii. 19.) we read, to this mountain. Christ might say both at different times.  Wi.
  • Ver. 7. The design and end of this parable is to shew that, rigorously speaking, we are useless servants with regard to God.  This sovereign Master has a right to exact of us every kind of service, and to make us apply ourselves to any task he may think proper, without our having any reason to complain either of the difficulty, trouble, or length of our labours; we are entirely his, and he is master of our persons, time, and talents.  We hold of him whatever we possess, and wo to us if we abuse his trust, by applying our talents to any use contrary to his designs.  But though he be Lord and Master, he leaves our liberty entire.  If he produces in us holy desires, if he works in us meritorious actions, gives us virtuous inclinations and supernatural gifts, he sets to our account the good use we make of them; and in crowning our merits, he crowns his own gifts.  S. Aug. lib. ix. Confes. and Serm. 131.  Calmet.
  • Ver. 10. Unprofitable servants. Because our service is of no profit to our Master; and he justly claims it as our bounden duty.  But though we are unprofitable to him, our serving him is not unprofitable to us; for he is pleased to give, by his grace, a value to our good works, which, in consequence of his promise, entitles them to an eternal reward.  Ch. — The word useless, when joined to servant, generally means a servant from whom his master does not derive the service he has a right to expect; as in S. Matt. xxv. 30.  Here the word is taken in a less odious sense.  It means a servant who does not testify sufficient zeal and ardour in his master’s service, who is not very eager to please him.  With regard to God, we are always useless servants, because he wants not our services; and without his assistance, we can neither undertake nor finish any thing to please him.  Calmet.

Daily Scripture Readings Thursday September 2 2010 22nd Week in Ordinary Time

September 2 2010 Thursday Twenty Second Week in Ordinary Time
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

1 Corinthians 3:18-23
Haydock New Testament

Let no man deceive himself: if any man among you seem to be wise in this world, let him become a fool that he may be wise. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written: I will catch the wise in their own craftiness. And against: The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain. Let no man, therefore, glory in men. For all things are yours, whether it be Paul, or Apollo, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come: for all are yours: And you are Christ’s, and Christ is God’s.

Responsorial Psalm 23:1bc-4ab, 5-6 (Ps 24 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

The earth is the Lord’s and the fulness thereof:
the world, and all they that dwell therein.
For he hath founded it upon the seas;
and hath prepared it upon the rivers.
Who shall ascend into the mountain of the Lord:
or who shall stand in his holy place?
The innocent in hands, and clean of heart,
who hath not taken his soul in vain,
nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.
He shall receive a blessing from the Lord,
and mercy from God his Saviour.
This is the generation of them that seek him,
of them that seek the face of the God of Jacob.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 5:1-11
Haydock New Testament

AND it came to pass, that when the multitudes pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Genesareth, And he saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. And going up into one of the ships that was Simon’s, he desired him to thrust out a little from the land. And sitting down, he taught the multitudes out of the ship. Now when he had ceased to speak, he said to Simon:

Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught.

And Simon answering, said to him:

Master, we have laboured all the night, and have taken nothing: but at thy word I will let down the net.

And when they had done this, they enclosed a very great multitude of fishes, and their net was breaking. And they beckoned to their partners that were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they were almost sinking. Which when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Jesus’s knees, saying:

Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

For he was wholly astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken: And so were also James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon’s partners. And Jesus saith to Simon: Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt be taking men. And when they had brought their ships to land, leaving all things, they followed him.

Haydock Commentary 1 Corinthians 3:18-23
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 18-21. Let no man deceive himself. He next precautions them against themselves, and admonishes them to be upon their guard against curiosity, presumption, and self-love, and tells them to undervalue all other sciences, when put in competition with the science of salvation, the knowledge of the gospel.  It hence appears, that some of the Corinthians were renowned for that human eloquence which the world so much esteems, and accordingly the apostle discovers to them the danger to which they are exposing themselves, by pursuing their present line of conduct.  Calmet. If any man among you seem to be wise in this world. He hints at some new teachers among them, (not at Apollo) who to gain the esteem of men, had introduced errors from profane philosophy, or the false principles of human wisdom, which, as he had told them before, was folly in the sight of God.  He therefore tells such persons, that to become truly wise, they must become fools, by returning to the simplicity of the gospel-doctrine.  Wi. Let no man. That is, let no man say, I am for Paul, I am for Apollo.  This language will introduce into the Church of God those various sects that existed amongst the philosophers, who were distinguished by the title of Platonics, Stoics, Peripatetic, and so on.  Grotius.
  • Ver. 22-23. All things are yours. Are ordained for your good.  For this end, I, Apollo, and Cephas have been sent to promote your salvation.  The world and all things in it are allowed you, are yours, that by making good use of them, you may save your souls: that death may be to you a passage to a happy eternity, that the things to come may be your eternal reward. You are Christ’s, you belong to him who hath redeemed you, and sanctified you by his grace: and Christ is God’s, Christ as man, who being the Son of God, was made also man, and sent to make known the glory of God, his divine perfections of mercy, justice, &c.

Haydock Commentary Luke 5:1-11

  • Ver. 1. What S. Luke here gives till v. 10, is mentioned purposely to shew on what occasion, and by what miracle, Peter, Andrew, James, and John, were called.  Maldon.
  • Ver. 2. Washing their nets. See S. Matt. iv. 18. and S. Mark i. 16, where it is said, that Christ saw them when they were casting their nets; i.e. some of them were casting, others washing, or mending, their nets.  Wi.
  • Ver. 3. Why is it mentioned that there were two ships; that one of them was Simon Peter’s, that Christ went into that one, and sat down in it, and sitting he taught out of that ship?  No doubt, answer many of the ancient commentators, to shew that the Church was figured by the bark of Peter, and that in it is the chair of Christ, a permanent authority, prefigured by Christ’s sitting  down, and the true word of God.
  • Ver. 4. Epanagage eiV to baqoV.  Put back from whence you have just now returned.  Where you failed without Christ, with Christ you will prove successful.  Now is the proper time, when you act in my presence, and according to my orders; before it was not, when you followed your own, and not my will.  Maldon. S. Austin interprets the text, Launch out into the deep, as spoken of distant nations, to whom the gospel was afterwards delivered: tolle signum in gentes, ad eas, quæ propè, et ad eas quæ longè. Isai. v. 26. and xi. 12.
  • Ver. 5. Though these words of S. Peter seem to express his little hope of success, as he had been toiling (kopiasanteV) the whole night, the most favourable time for fishing, yet they were intended by S. Peter to shew his great confidence, that notwithstanding his bad success, he was willing to obey; he relied on his words, and let go his net in the same place where before he had been disappointed; and the event proved that the obedience and confidence of Peter were not in vain.  Maldon. &c.
  • Ver. 6. When Christ commanded Peter to let go the net, as great a quantity of fishes were taken as this Lord of the land and sea wished.  For the voice of the Lord is the voice of power, at the command of which, in the beginning of the world, light and every created thing sprang into existence.  This it was that so much astonished Peter.  S. Greg. Naz. c. xxxi. The net is broken, but the fishes are not lost, because the Lord preserves his servants among the scandals (schisms and heresies) of his enemies.  Ven. Bede.
  • Ver. 7. The other ship was probably at such a distance from them, that they could not be heard, had they called out to them; and this also is another proof of the greatness of the miracle, that though the other ship was fishing in the same place, though a little removed, they could catch nothing.  Maldonatus. This also shews that Peter was to call in other co-labourers, and that all were to come into Peter’s ship.  S. Ambrose in Luc.
  • Ver. 8. Such was the excess of S. Peter’s humility, that he judged himself unworthy the presence of Christ, and by this rendered himself more worthy.  So the centurion, for a similar act of self-abasement, merited to hear from Truth itself, that he was preferred to all Israel.  Euthymius is however of opinion, that S. Peter desired Christ to leave him through fear, lest some evil should befall him, because he was not worthy of his presence.  In the same manner as the widow of Sarepta thought her son had died, because she was not worthy of the presence of Elias.  3 Kings xvii. 18.  Maldonatus.
  • Ver. 10. Jesus Christ answers the thought of S. Peter, that instead of any loss or evil coming to him, he should, on the contrary, receive a great reward, by being appointed a fisher of men; and, as he had taken so many fishes by the divine assistance, so he should take in his net innumerable souls, not so much by his own industry, as by the divine grace and assistance.  Maldonatus.
  • Ver. 11. We may suppose that these four apostles, like Andrew, followed Jesus Christ at the first call, but without attaching themselves to him; and that now they attached themselves to him, never to leave him more.

Daily Scripture Readings Tuesday August 31 2010 22nd Week in Ordinary Time

August 31 2010 Tuesday Twenty Second Week in Ordinary Time
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

The 1st Epistle of St Paul, the Apostle, to the Corinthians 2:10b-16
Haydock New Testament

Brethren:
For the Spirit searcheth all things, even the profound things of God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, but the spirit of a man that is in him? So the things also that are of God no man knoweth, but the Spirit of God. Now we have received not the spirit of this world, but the Spirit that is of God, that we may know the things that are given us from God: Which things also we speak, not in the learned words of human wisdom, but in the doctrine of the Spirit, comparing spiritual things with spiritual. But the sensual man perceiveth not the things that are of the Spirit of God: for it is foolishness to him, and he cannot understand: because it is spiritually examined. But the spiritual man judgeth all things: and he himself is judged by no one. For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

Responsorial Psalm 144:8-14 (Ps 145 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

The Lord is gracious and merciful:
patient and plenteous in mercy.
The Lord is sweet to all:
and his tender mercies are over all his works.
Let all thy works, O lord, praise thee:
and let thy saints bless thee.
They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom:
and shall tell of thy power:
To make thy might known to the sons of men:
and the glory of the magnificence of thy kingdom.
Thy kingdom is a kingdom of all ages:
and thy dominion endureth throughout all generations.
The Lord is faithful in all his words:
and holy in all his works.
The Lord lifteth up all that fall:
and setteth up all that are cast down.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 4:31-37
Haydock New Testament

And he went down to Capharnaum, a city of Galilee, and there he taught them on the sabbath-days. And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power. And in the synagogue there was a man who had an unclean devil, and he cried out with a loud voice, Saying:

Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, Jesus of Nazareth? Art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy one of God.

And Jesus rebuked him, saying:

Hold thy peace, and go out of him.

And when the devil had thrown him into the midst, he went out of him, and hurt him not at all. And there came fear upon all, and they talked among themselves, saying:

What word is this: for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they go out?

And the fame of him was published in every place of the country.

Haydock Commentary 1 Corinthians 2: 10b-16
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 10b. For the Spirit searcheth all things: the divine Spirit, the Holy Ghost, searcheth all things, and none but this Spirit of God, that is, the Spirit, which is God, knoweth the things that are of God, as none but the spirit that is in man, knoweth the things of man, knoweth his thoughts and interior affections.  But by the Spirit of God, we may understand the spirit of grace, of knowledge, of prophecy, which God hath given to his faithful, and particularly to his apostles, to raise them to a higher knowledge of the divine mysteries.  Wi.
  • Ver. 11. For what man? As the secrets of man’s heart are known only to himself, so the mysteries of the divinity are known only to the Spirit, who is God, and who proceedeth from the Father and the Son.  Theophyl.
  • Ver. 13. Which mysteries and divine truths, we apostles (even when we speak to the more perfect sort of men) deliver not in the learned words of human wisdom, not in the fine languages, studied periods and sentences arranged by the art of rhetoric, but in the doctrine of the Spirit, that is, as the Spirit of God within us teacheth us for the good of those that hear us. Comparing spiritual things with spiritual, that is, treating spiritual things with persons that are more spiritual and more perfect, adapting our discourses to the capacity of those we speak to.  Others will have the sense to be: we compare spiritual things with spiritual things, that is, we treat of such matters after a spiritual manner, with proofs and examples out of the revealed Scriptures, &c.  Wi. S. Paul seems in this place to answer an objection that might be brought against him.  If, as you say, you are gifted with a knowledge of mysteries, who do you not reveal those mysteries to us?  To this he seems to answer, because to spiritual persons, we impart spiritual knowledge.  Calmet.
  • Ver. 14-15. But the sensual man, &c.  They who are led away by sensual pleasures, do not even perceive or understand spiritual things; they seem foolish to them, and a folly to seek after them; because such things must be spiritually examined, that is, examined by the Spirit of God, which they have not. But the spiritual man judgeth all things, passeth a right judgment, not only of the things of this life, as carnal men can do, but even of spiritual things, which concern his eternal salvation. And he himself is judged by no one, that is, by no one, who is not spiritual, or who is not taught by the Spirit of God, to pass a right judgment: the sense also may be, that he cannot be justly blamed or condemned by any worldly man, who knows not how to judge of such spiritual things.  Wi. The sensual man is either he who is taken up with sensual pleasures, with carnal and worldly affections: or he who measureth divine mysteries by natural reason, sense, and human wisdom only.  Now such a  man has little or no notion of the things of God.  Whereas the spiritual man, in the mysteries of religion, takes not human sense for his guide; but submits his judgment to the decisions of the Church, which he is commanded to hear and obey.  For Christ hath promised to remain to the end of the world with his Church, and to direct her in all things by the Spirit of truth.  Ch.
  • Ver. 16. For who among the sensual men of the world, hath known the mind of the Lord, so as to be able to instruct him, or them, whom he guides by his spirit. But we, whom he has chosen to be his apostles, have the mind of Christ; having been taught and instructed by the Spirit of Christ.  Some enthusiasts and fanatics pretend from this passage of S. Paul, that they being led and inspired by the spirit, can be judged by no one in matters of faith and religion.  They pervert and wrest the words of S. Paul, as they do also other Scriptures, to their own perdition. 2 Pet. iii. 16.  First, because no one knows by his pretended private spirit, that he is truly such a spiritual man, who has the Spirit of God in him: and many have too much reason to know by their sensual carnal lives, that they have it not.  Secondly, S. Paul here speaks only of spiritual men in opposition to sensual men, and only says that they who are spiritual, have the spirit of discretion to judge what things are spiritual, and what are not; and that none can judge rightly of these matters, but they who are spiritual, guided by the Spirit.  Thirdly, as to controversies about religion, the proper spiritual judge appointed by our Saviour, Christ, are the bishops, whom he has appointed to govern his Church, with an entire submission of every man’s private judgment, and private spirit, to the judgment of the Catholic Church, which he has commanded us to hear and obey, with which he has promised to remain to the end of the world, and to direct her in all things by the spirit of truth.  Wi.

Haydock Commentary Luke 4:31-37

  • Ver. 31. Although Christ was well acquainted with the obduracy of the Jews, nevertheless, like a good physician, he condescends to pay them another visit, and try what a fresh medicine might effect in this their last stage, as it were, of existence.  He publicly preaches therefore in the synagogue, according as Isaias had declared of him, and struck amazement into every heart.  The Jews themselves considered him as something very extraordinary; as one of the prophets, or ancient saints.  But Christ, that they might conceive a higher opinion of his persons, does not make use of the expressions they did, but speaks as Lord and Master of the law.  S. Cyril.

Sunday Scripture Readings August 15 2010 Solemnity of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary – Vigil Mass

August 15 2010 Solemnity of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary – Vigil
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

ark brought to Jerusalem1 Chronicles 15:3-4, 15-16; 16:1-2 (Paralipomenon)
DR Challoner Text

And he gathered all Israel together into Jerusalem, that the ark of God might be brought into its place, which he had prepared for it. And the sons of Aaron also, and the Levites. And the sons of Levi took the ark of God as Moses had commanded, according to the word of the Lord, upon their shoulders, with the staves. And David spoke to the chiefs of the Levites, to appoint some of their brethren to be singers with musical instruments, to wit, on psalteries, and harps, and cymbals, that the joyful noise might resound on high.

So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent, which David had pitched for it: and they offered holocausts, and peace offerings before God. And when David had made an end of offering holocausts, and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord.

Responsorial Psalm 131:6-7, 9-10, 13-14 (Ps 132 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

Behold we have heard of it in Ephrata:
we have found it in the fields of the wood.
We will go into his tabernacle:
we will adore in the place where his feet stood.
Let thy priests be clothed with justice:
and let thy saints rejoice.
For thy servant David’s sake,
turn not away the face of thy anointed.
For the Lord hath chosen Sion:
he hath chosen it for his dwelling.
This is my rest for ever and ever:
here will I dwell, for I have chosen it.

1 Corinthians 15:54-57
Haydock New Testament

For this corruptible must put on incorruption: and this mortal must put on immortality. And when this mortal has put on immortality, then shall everything come to pass the saying that is written: Death is swallowed up in victory.

O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?

Now the sting of death is sin: and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, who hath given us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

A Woman Cries Out in a CrowdThe Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 11:27-28
Haydock New Testament

And it came to pass, as he spoke these things, that a certain woman, from the crowd, lifting up her voice, said to him:

Blessed is the womb that bore thee, and the paps that gave thee suck.

But he said:

Yea, rather, blessed are they who hear the word of God, and keep it.

Haydock Commentary 1 Chronicles (Paralipomenon) 15:3-4, 15-16; 16:1-2
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • CHAP. 16 Ver. 2. Lord, wishing them all felicity, and making them presents, like the master of a family, v. 43, and 2 K. vi. 18. C. — Any superior may bless. W.

Haydock Commentary 1 Corinthians 15:54-57

  • Ver. 54. Death is swallowed up in victory, in regard of the saints and the elect, so that it may be said, O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting? over which the saints shall triumph, and also over sin and hell. Wi.

Haydock Commentary Luke 11:27-28

  • Ver. 28. Menounge, imo vero, yes indeed. Our Saviour does not here wish to deny what the woman had said, but rather to confirm it: indeed how could he deny, as Calvin impiously maintained, that his mother was blessed? By these words, he only wishes to tell his auditors what great advantage they might obtain by attending to his words. For the blessed Virgin, as S. Augustine says, was more happy in having our Saviour in her heart and affections, than in having conceived him in her womb. Tirinus.

Daily Scripture Readings Saturday August 14 2010 Memorial of Saint Maximilian Mary Kolbe priest and martyr

August 14 2010 Saturday Memorial of Saint Maximilian Mary Kolbe, Priest and Martyr
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

Ezekiel 18:1-10, 13b, 30-32
DR Challoner

And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

What is the meaning? That you use among you this parable as a proverb in the land of Israel, saying: The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the teeth of the children are set on edge. As I live, saith the Lord God, this parable shall be no more to you a proverb in Israel. Behold all souls are mine: as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, the same shall die. And if a man be just, and do judgment and justice, And hath not eaten upon the mountains, nor lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel: and hath not defiled his neighbour’s wife, nor come near to a menstruous woman: And hath not wronged any man: but hath restored the pledge to the debtor, hath taken nothing away by violence: hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment: Hath not lent upon usury, nor taken any increase: hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, and hath executed true judgment between man and man: Hath walked in my commandments, and kept my judgments, to do truth: he is just, he shall surely live, saith the Lord God.

And if he beget a son that is a robber, a shedder of blood, and that hath done some one of these things: That giveth upon usury, and that taketh an increase: shall such a one live? he shall not live. Seeing he hath done all these detestable things, he shall surely die, his blood shall be upon him. Therefore will I judge every man according to his ways, O house of Israel, saith the Lord God. Be converted, and do penance for all your iniquities: and iniquity shall not be your ruin. Cast away from you all your transgressions, by which you have transgressed, and make to yourselves a new heart, and a new spirit: and why will you die, O house of Israel?

For I desire not the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord God, return ye and live.

Psalm 50:12-15, 18-19
DR Challoner Text Only

Create a clean heart in me, O God:
and renew a right spirit within my bowels.
Cast me not away from thy face;
and take not thy holy spirit from me.
Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation,
and strengthen me with a perfect spirit.
I will teach the unjust thy ways:
and the wicked shall be converted to thee.
For if thou hadst desired sacrifice,
I would indeed have given it:
with burnt offerings thou wilt not be delighted.
A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit:
a contrite and humbled heart, O God,
thou wilt not despise.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Matthew 19:13-15
Haydock New Testament

Then were little children presented to him, that he should lay his hands upon them and pray. And the disciples rebuked them. But Jesus said to them:

Suffer the little children, and forbid them not to come to me: for the kingdom of heaven is for such.

And when he had laid his hands upon them, he departed thence.

Haydock Commentary Ezechiel 18:1-10, 13, 30-32
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 2. Edge. Those in captivity would not allow that they were punished for their own sins: God convinces them of the contrary.  W. — They knew that he often visited the sins of the fathers upon the children, (Ex. xx. 5. and xxiv. 5.  C.) when they also hated him, (H.) and that many had suffered for their parents’ faults, like those of Saul, David, &c.  C. — But these were all guilty of original sin at least, and death is not always a real misfortune.  H. — God seems to allow that the complaints had hitherto had some grounds, (Jer. xxxi.) but that they should be removed after the captivity, and still more effectually by the death of Christ, who came to redeem sinners, and rejected none.  By baptism he cancels original sin, the sour grape, and those who cannot receive it are not innocent.  C. — God chastises the body, but not the soul of children, for their parents’ faults: (M.) and this conduct is a trial for them, which may increase their glory.  H.
  • Ver. 4. Mine. He insinuates the vocation of the Gentiles and the general redemption.  All will be treated according to their works.  C.
  • Ver. 6. Mountains: of the sacrifices there offered to idols; (Ch.) or partaken in their usual feasts.  Some irregularly worshipped God in these high places, under many pious kings; and were tolerated, (C.) though condemned for so doing.  H. — Woman. The pagans abstained by the light of reason.  C. — The contrary practice, “it is said,” would give rise to lepers or monsters, (S. Jer.) as experience evinces.  C. — It was forbidden in the Christian Church.  S. Aug. q. 64. in Lev. xx. 18.  S. Greg. resp. 10. ad Aug.  C. — But no such questions are now asked.  The prophet insists on this no more.  v. 11, 15.
  • Ver. 7. Wronged. Lit. “constristated.”  H. — Heb. “oppressed,” maliciously.
  • Ver. 8. Increase more than what he lent, on any pretext.  S. Jer.  C.
  • Ver. 10. Robber. Heb. “breaker;” rude and lawless.  Sept. “pestilent.”
  • Ver. 13. Him. He alone is answerable, and shall suffer.
  • Ver. 30. Do penance. This is requisite, as well as a change of conduct.  W.
  • Ver. 31. New. We can do no good of ourselves: but we are admonished of our free-will, that we may do what we can, and ask for grace.  Trid. Ses. vi. 5. 11.  Jam. i. 5. and 2 Cor. iii. 5.  S. Aug. &c.)  C.

Haydock Commentary Matthew 19:13-15

  • Ver. 13. That he should lay his hands upon them. It was the custom to present children to men reputed holy, as it is now the custom for bishops and priests to pray and give a blessing to others.  Wi. It was customary with the Jews to present their children to the elders, that they might receive their blessing; hence they present them on this occasion to our Lord.  Remigius. And the disciples rebuked them, not because they were unwilling that the children should be blessed by the hands of our Saviour, but as they were yet weak in faith, they thought that, like other men, he would be teased by the importunity of the offerers.  S. Jerom. The people thought that the same hands, which could restore instantaneous health to the sick, must necessarily impart every good to such children as they should touch.  The disciples thought they made too free with their Master, requesting what, in their ideas, was beneath his dignity.  A.
  • Ver. 14. Jesus said . . . Suffer the little children, &c.  He here blames the conduct of the apostles, and shews that his assertions in praise of virginity, were not meant as derogatory from the holiness of the marriage state, by giving his blessing to these little ones, the fruits of lawful wedlock; and declares that the kingdom of heaven is the portion of such as resemble these little ones, by the innocence of their lives and simplicity of their hearts.  He, moreover, shews that confidence in our own strength, in our own free-will, and in our merits, is an invincible obstacle to salvation.  S. Mark (x. 16) says, that embracing them, and laying hands upon them, he blessed them.  Hence probably arose the ancient custom of presenting children to bishops and priests, to receive their blessing, beside that of confirmation immediately after baptism. Nicephorus tells us that the celebrated S. Ignatius, afterwards bishop of Antioch, was one of these children who, on this occasion, received Christ’s blessing. If we would enter into the kingdom of heaven, we must imitate the virtues of little children.  Their souls are free from every passion; void of every thought of revenge, they approach those who have grieved them as to their best friends.  Though the parent repeatedly chastise his child, it still will adhere to him, still it love him, and prefer him in all his poverty to all the fascinating charms of dazzling gold and purple.  They seek not beyond what is necessary, they admire not the beauty of the body, they are not grieved at the loss of worldly wealth, therefore does the Saviour of the world say, that theirs is the kingdom of heaven.  S. Chrys. hom. lxiii.

Daily Scripture Readings Friday August 6 2010 Feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord

August 6 2010 Friday Feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

Daniel 7:9-10, 13-14
DR Challoner

I beheld till thrones were placed, and the ancient of days sat: his garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like clean wool: his throne like flames of fire: the wheels of it like a burning fire. A swift stream of fire issued forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times a hundred thousand stood before him: the judgment sat, and the books were opened.

I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the ancient of days: and they presented him before him. And he gave him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve him: his power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and his kingdom that shall not be destroyed.

Responsorial Psalm 96:1-2, 5-6, 9 (Ps 97 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

The Lord hath reigned, let the earth rejoice:
let many islands be glad.
Clouds and darkness are round about him:
justice and judgment are the establishment of his throne.
The mountains melted like wax,
at the presence of the Lord:
at the presence of the Lord of all the earth.
The heavens declared his justice:
and all people saw his glory.
For thou art the most high Lord over all the earth:
thou art exalted exceedingly above all gods.

2 Peter 1:16-19
Haydock New Testament

For we have not by following artificial fables, made known to you the power, and presence of our Lord Jesus Christ; but we were eye-witnesses of his majesty. For he received from God the Father honour and glory; this voice coming down to him from the excellent glory: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am pleased; hear ye him. And this voice we heard brought from heaven, when we were with him in the holy mount. And we have the surer word of prophecy: to which you do well to attend, as to a light shining in a dark place until the day dawn, and the morning star rise in your hearts.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:28b-36
Haydock New Testament

Jesus took Peter, and James, and John, and went up into a mountain to pray. And whilst he prayed, the appearance of his countenance was altered: and his raiment became white and glittering. And behold two men were talking with him.  And they were Moses and Elias, Appearing in majesty: and they spoke of his decease, which he was to accomplish in Jerusalem.

But Peter, and they that were with him, were heavy with sleep.  And awaking, they saw his majesty, and the two men that stood with him. And it came to pass, that as they were departing from him, Peter saith to Jesus:

Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias:

Not knowing what he said. And as he spoke these things, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they were afraid, when they entered into the cloud. And a voice came out of the cloud, saying:

This is my beloved Son, hear him.

And whilst the voice was uttered, Jesus was found alone.  And they held their peace, and told no man in those days any of these things which they had seen.

Haydock Commentary Daniel 7:9-10, 13-14
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 9. Ancient. The Son is born of the Father, and the Holy Ghost proceeds from both, yet all three are coeternal.  W. — Hence the Father is sometimes painted in this manner, though he be a pure spirit.  His throne resembled that seen by Ezechiel, C. i.  H. — He takes cognizance of all, and punishes accordingly.  C.
  • Ver. 10. Fire. Ps. xcvi. 3. — Thousands. Gr. implies one million and one hundred millions.  M. — The angels are very numerous, particularly the  highest, styled assistants.  S. Tho.  W.
  • Ver. 13. Heaven. Christ appeared about sixty years after the subversion of the Syrian monarchy.  Yet these expressions literally refer to his second coming.  Mat. xxvi. 64.  C. — He had the form of man, as he had the nature.  M. — He is clearly predicted.  by his power antichrist is overthrown.  W.
  • Ver. 14. Destroyed. The eternal dominion of Christ could not be expressed in stronger terms.  He seems to allude to them, Mat. xxviii. 18.  C.

Haydock Commentary 2 Peter 1:16-19

  • Ver. 16. We have not by following artificial fables. Lit. learned fables,[6] invented to promote our doctrine.  We, I with others, were eye-witnesses of his glory on Mount Thabor.  Wi.
  • Ver. 19. And we have the surer word of prophecy, or to make our testimonies and preaching of Christ more firm.  The revelations of God made to the prophets, and contained in the holy Scriptures, give us of all others the greatest assurance.  Though the mysteries in themselves remain obscure and incomprehensible, the motive of our belief is divine authority.  Wi. If our testimony be suspicious, we have what you will certainly allow, the testimony of the prophets: attend then to the prophets as to a lamp that illuminates a dark place, till the bright day of a more lively faith begins to illumine you, and the day-star arises in your heart: till this faith, which is like the day-star, give you a perfect knowledge of Jesus Christ.  It is by the divine oracles you will acquire this knowledge, provided you peruse them with proper dispositions.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:28b-36

  • Ver. 28. Mountain, &c. — Since Christ has ascended the mountain, both to pray and to be transfigured, all of us who hope for the fruit of his resurrection, and long to see the king in his glory, must dwell in heaven by our thoughts, and apply our minds to continual prayer.  Ven. Bede.
  • Ver. 30. And behold two men. Moses and Elias, by ministering to our Lord in his glory, shewed him to be the Lord of both the Old and New Testament.  The disciples also, upon seeing the glory of their fellow-creatures, would be filled with admiration at the condescension of their divine Master; and considering the delights of future happiness, be stirred up to a holy emulation of those who had laboured before them, and be fortified in their ensuing conflicts; for nothing so much lightens the present labour, as the consideration of the future recompense.  S. Cyril.
  • Ver. 31. They spoke of his decease,[2] or his departure out of this world. S. Peter useth the same Greek word for his death.  2 Pet. i. 15.  Wi.
  • Ver. 33. It is good for us. It is not good, O Peter, for Christ to remain always.  Should he have remained there, the promise he had made thee would never have been fulfilled.  Thou wouldst never have obtained the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and the reign of death would not have been destroyed.  Seek not for joys before the time, as Adam sought to be made like God.  The time will come, when thou shalt for eternity behold him, and reign with him who is life and light.  Damasus Orat. de Transfigurat. Domini. — Three tabernacles. The Lord does appoint thee the builder, not of tabernacles, but of his whole Church.  Thy disciples, thy sheep, have fulfilled thy desire, by erecting tabernacles for Christ and his faithful servants.  These words of S. Peter, let us make, &c. were not spoken of himself, but by the prophetic inspiration of the Holy Ghost.  Therefore it is added, he knew not what he said.  Damasus, ut supra. — S. Peter knew not what he said, because by proposing to make three tabernacles for these three personages, he improperly ranked together, the servants and their Lord, the creature and the Creator.  Titus Bostrensis.
  • Ver. 35. And a voice, &c.  This is the voice of the Father from the cloud, as if he should say, “I call him not one of my sons, but my true and natural Son, to the resemblance of whom all others are adopted.  S. Cyril. — Not Elias, not Moses, but he whom you see alone, is my beloved Son.  S. Ambrose. — Therefore, it is added: and when the voice was heard, Jesus was alone, lest any one should imagine these words, This is my beloved Son, were addressed to Moses or Elias.”  Theophylact.

Daily Scripture Readings Monday August 2 2010 Eighteenth Week in Ordinary Time Year 2

August 2 2010 Monday Eighteenth Week in Ordinary Time
Disclaimer – Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/

Jeremiah 28
DR Challoner

And it came to pass in that year, in the beginning of the reign of Sedecias king of Juda, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, that Hananias the son of Azur, a prophet of Gabaon spoke to me, in the house of the Lord before the priests, and all the people, saying:

Thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon. As yet two years of days, and I will cause all the vessels of the house of the Lord to be brought back into this place, which Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon took away from this place, and carried them to Babylon. And I will bring back to this place Jechonias the son of Joakim king of Juda, and all the captives of Juda, that are gone to Babylon, saith the Lord: for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.

And Jeremiah the prophet said to Hananias the prophet in the presence of the priests, and in the presence of all the people that stood in the house of the Lord: And Jeremiah the prophet said:

Amen, the Lord do so: the Lord perform thy words, which thou hast prophesied: that the vessels may be brought again into the house of the Lord, and all the captives may return out of Babylon to this place. Nevertheless hear this word that I speak in thy ears, and in the ears of all the people: The prophets that have been before me, and before thee from the beginning, and have prophesied concerning many countries, and concerning great kingdoms, of war, and of affliction, and of famine. The prophet that prophesied peace: when his word shall come to pass, the prophet shall be known, whom the hath sent in truth.

And Hananias the prophet took the chain from the neck of Jeremiah the prophet, and broke it. And Hananias spoke in the presence of all the people, saying:

Thus saith the Lord: Even so will I break the yoke of Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon after two full years from off the neck of all the nations.

And Jeremiah the prophet went his way. And the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, after that Hananias the prophet had broken the chain from off the neck of Jeremiah the prophet, saying:

Go, and tell Hananias: Thus saith the Lord: Thou hast broken chains of wood, and thou shalt make for them chains of iron. For thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, to serve Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon, and they shall serve him: moreover also I have given him the beasts of the earth.

And Jeremiah the prophet said to Hananias the prophet:

Hear now, Hananias: the Lord hath not sent thee, and thou hast made this people to trust in a lie. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold I will send thee away from off the face of the earth: this year shalt thou die: for thou hast spoken against the Lord.

And Hananias the prophet died in that year, in the seventh month.

Responsorial Psalm 118:29, 43, 79, 80, 95, 102 (Ps 119 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only

Remove from me the way of iniquity:
and out of thy law have mercy on me.
And take not thou the word of truth
utterly out of my mouth:
for in thy words, I have hoped exceedingly.
Let them that fear thee turn to me:
and they that know thy testimonies.
Let my heart be undefiled in thy justifications,
that I may not be confounded.
The wicked have waited for me to destroy me:
but I have understood thy testimonies.
I have not declined from thy judgments,
because thou hast set me a law.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Matthew 14:22-36
Haydock New Testament

And forthwith Jesus obliged his disciples to get up into the boat, and to go before him over the water, while he sent the multitude away. And having dismissed the multitude, he went up into a mountain alone to pray. And when the evening was come he was there alone. But the boat in the midst of the sea was tossed with the waves: for the wind was contrary. And in the fourth watch of the night, he came to them walking upon the sea. And they seeing him walking on the sea, were troubled, saying:

It is an apparition.

And they cried out for fear. And immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying:

Be of good heart: It is I, be not afraid.

And Peter making answer, said:

Lord, if it be thou, big me come to thee upon the waters.

And he said:

Come.

And Peter, going down out of the boat, walked upon the water to come to Jesus. But seeing the wind strong he was afraid: and when he began to sink, he cried out, saying:

Lord, save me.

And immediately Jesus stretching forth his hand, took hold of him, and said to him:

O thou of little faith, why didst thou doubt?

And when they were come up into the boat, the wind ceased. Then they that were in the boat came and worshipped him saying:

Thou art truly the Son of God.

And having passed over, they came into the country of Genesar. And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent out into all that country, and brought to him all that were diseased. And they besought him that they might touch but the hem of his garment. And as many as touched, were made whole.

Haydock Commentary Jeremias 28
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 1. Juda. So far Sanctius joins with the former chapter, improperly.  In the 4th year, seems rather an interpolation; though the Sept. omit in the beginning, &c. to reconcile the passage; and others date the 4th year from the last sabbatical one, which is quite unusual.  See C. xxvii. 1.  C. — Sedecias reigned 11 years, so that the 4th might be said to be the beginning.  W. — Prophet. Sept. “false prophet,” to explain the meaning: the original denotes any prophet.  S. Jer.  H.
  • Ver. 3. Years. Some were brought back in the 4th of Sedecias; (C. xxvii. 16.  H.) so that this must be false, whether  he spoke in the 1st or 4th year of his reign.  C.
  • Ver. 6. Do. Heb. also, “will do.”  He speaks ironically; or shews that he wishes not the misfortune of his countrymen.  C. — He approves of the good thing, but warns his people that is is falsely promised.  W.
  • Ver. 9. Truth. This criterion was given by Moses; and another was assigned in case the prophet attempted to introduce idolatry, which was not here the case.  Deut. xiii. and xviii. 20.  C.
  • Ver. 10. Chain, or wooden yoke.  C. xxvii. 2.  H.
  • Ver. 12. Way, mildly.  God inspired him what to say soon after.
  • Ver. 13. Iron. Deut. xxviii. 48.  The rashness of Hananias brought a heavier punishment on his admirers, which is the lot of all who follow heresiarchs.  H.
  • Ver. 17. Seventh month. He had spoken in the 5th of the sacred year.  v. 1.  C.

Haydock Commentary Matthew 14:22-36

  • Ver. 22. And forthwith Jesus, &c.  In this we have the genuine picture of a Christian life.  After eating of the miraculous bread, we must like the disciples, prepare ourselves for labour.  As bread was given Elias, to enable him to walk 40 days to the mountain of God, Horeb, so the blessed Eucharist, the true heavenly bread, is given us that we may be able to support the hardships to which we are exposed.  Paulus de Palacio. We here also see the ardent love of the disciples for their Lord, since they were unwilling to be separated from him even for a moment.  Theophylactus also adds that they were unwilling for him to go, ignorant how he could return to them.
  • Ver. 23. Alone to pray. By our Saviour’s conduct on this occasion, we are taught to leave occasionally the society of men, and to retire into solitude, as a more proper place to commune with heaven in earnest and fervent prayer.  The company of mortals is often a great distraction to the fervent Christian.  Dion. Carth.
  • Ver. 25. And in the fourth watch of the night. The Jews, under the Romans, divided the night, or the time from sunset to sunrise, into four watches, each of them lasting for three hours.  And the hours were longer or shorter, according as the nights were at different seasons of the year.  At the equinox, the first watch was from six in the evening till nine; the second, from nine till twelve; the third, from twelve till three in the morning; and the fourth, from three till six, or till sunrise.  Wi. They had been tossed by the tempest almost the whole night.  S. Jer.
  • Ver. 28. And Peter . . . said. Everywhere Peter appears full of faith and love.  He now with his usual ardour believes he can do at the command of his Master, what by nature he is unable to perform.  He desires to be with his Lord, and cannot bear delay; and, in reward of his eagerness, Christ works a miracle in his favour.  Jans. Lord, if it be thou. Peter, by saying if, did not doubt in faith, as Calvin pretends; nor was he guilty of any arrogance, as others conjecture; for our Lord granted his request.  Peter knew that his request would be pleasing to Christ, who had shewn himself so very considerate for his apostles.  Peter had also worked miracles himself in the name of Christ, and observing that he wished to pass by, Peter hastened to be with him, to embrace him, and serve him.  Tirinus.
  • Ver. 29. Let those who argue that the body of our Saviour was not a real but an aerial body, or phantom, because he walked upon the waters, explain to us how S. Peter, whom they will not deny to be a true man, walked on the waters.  S. Jer.
  • Ver. 30. He was afraid. As long as Peter had his eye and faith fixed on Christ, the liquid element yielded not to his steps; but the moment he turns his thoughts on himself, his own weakness, and the violence of the winds and waves, he begins to lose confidence, and on that account to sink.  Again his faith saves him; he calls upon the Lord, who stretcheth forth his arm, and takes hold of him.  Jan. By his confidence in God, we learn what we can do by the divine assistance; and by his fear, what we are of ourselves: also, that no one receives from God the strength he stands in need of, but he who feels that of himself he can do nothing.  S. Aug. ser. 76.
  • Ver. 31. And immediately Jesus. Five miracles are here wrought: 1. Christ walks upon the water; 2. enables Peter to do the same; 3. when Peter begins to sink, preserves him; 4. suddenly stills the tempest; 5. the ship is immediately in port, which may be mystically explained thus: a Christian is with Jesus Christ, to tread under foot the whole world, with the whirlpools of earthly distractions, whilst God calms all tempestuous passions, temptations, and persecutions, and leads him with faithful and continued support to the harbour of eternal rest and life.  Tirinus.
  • Ver. 32. And when they were come up into the boat. S. Mark (vi. 51.) tells us, Christ went up with S. Peter into the boat.  Nor is this denied by S. John (vi. 21.) when he says, They were willing therefore to take him into the boat: and presently the boat was at the land. They not only would, but did also take him into the boat, which was presently at the shore.  Wi.
  • Ver. 33. It may be doubted, whether the mystery of the blessed Trinity had been at this time explicitly revealed to the Jews.  Most probably not.  By “thou art the Son of God,” they only mean to bear testimony of his sanctity, and shewed themselves willing to acknowledge him for their Messias, as formerly prophets and holy men were styled, sons of God. Or we may suppose that the Almighty enlightened their understanding by an interior ray of his light, to know a truth which was obscure to others, and therefore they come and adore him.  Jan.
  • Ver. 36. Hence the veneration Catholics pay to holy relics is vindicated.  Not only Christ’s words, but his very garments had a virtue and power communicated to them.  B.