January 31 2010 Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time
About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.
Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/
Jeremiah 1:4-5, 17-19
And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
Before I formed thee in the bowels of thy mother, I knew thee: and before thou camest forth out of the womb, I sanctified thee, and made thee a prophet unto the nations.
Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak to them all that I command thee. Be not afraid at their presence: for I will make thee not to fear their countenance. For behold I have made thee this day a fortified city, and a pillar of iron, and a wall of brass, over all the land, to the kings of Juda, to the princes thereof, and to the priests, and to the people of the land. And they shall fight against them, and shall not prevail: for I am with thee, saith the Lord, to deliver thee.
Responsorial Psalm Ps 70:1-6, 15-17 (Ps 71 NAB)
DR Challoner Text Only
In thee, O Lord, I have hoped, let me never be put to confusion:
Deliver me in thy justice, and rescue me.
Incline thy ear unto me, and save me.
Be thou unto me a God, a protector, and a place of strength:
that thou mayst make me safe. For thou art my firmament and my refuge.
Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the sinner,
and out of the hand of the transgressor of the law and of the unjust.
For thou art my patience, O Lord: my hope, O Lord, from my youth.
By thee have I been confirmed from the womb:
from my mother’s womb thou art my protector.
Of thee I shall continually sing:
My mouth shall shew forth thy justice; thy salvation all the day long.
Because I have not known learning,
I will enter into the powers of the Lord:
O Lord, I will be mindful of thy justice alone.
Thou hast taught me, O God, from my youth:
and till now I will declare thy wonderful works.
1 Corinthians 12:31—13:13
Haydock New Testament
But be zealous for the better gifts. And I shew to you a yet more excellent way.
If I speak with the tongues of men, and of Angels, and have not charity, I am become a sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And if I should have prophecy, and should know all mysteries, and all knowledge: and if I should have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And if I should distribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if I should deliver my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely, is not puffed up, Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil, Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth: Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Charity never faileth; whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect shall come, that which is in part shall be done away. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But when I became a man, I put away the things of a child. We see now through a glass in an obscure manner: but then face to face. Now I know I part: but then I shall know even as I am known.
And now there remain, faith, hope, charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 4:21-30
Haydock New Testament
This day is fulfilled this Scripture in your ears.
And all gave testimony to him: and they wondered at the words of grace that proceeded from his mouth, and they said:
Is not this the son of Joseph?
And he said to them:
Doubtless you will say to me this similitude: Physician, heal thyself: as great things as we have heard done in Capharnaum, do also here in thy own country.
And he said:
Amen, I say to you, that no prophet is accepted in his own country. In truth I say to you, there were many widows in the days of Elias, in Israel, when heaven was shut up three years and six months: when there was a great famine throughout all the land: And to none of them was Elias sent, but to a widow at Sarepta of Sidon.
And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Eliseus, the prophet: and none of them was cleansed but Naaman, the Syrian.
And all they in the synagogue, hearing these things, were filled with anger. And they rose up, and thrust him out of the city: and they brought him to the brow of the hill, whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. But he passing through the midst of them, went his way.
Haydock Commentary Jeremiah 1:4-5, 17-19
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site
- Ver. 5. Knew, with affection, and designed thee for this office for eternity. Many think (C.) that Jeremias was purified from original sin before his birth. S. Aug. — He had this privilege, and was also a priest, prophet, virgin, and martyr. W. — Yet to sanctify, often means only to set aside. Ex. xiii. 2. Eccli. xlix. 9. — Nations, whose overthrow he points out. C. xxv. 27. 44. &c. C.
- Ver. 17. Loins. Make haste, and take courage. Job xxxviii. 3. M.
- Ver. 19. Prevail. God does not promise peace, but victory. W.
Haydock Commentary 1 Corinthians 12:31—13:13
- Ver. 31. Be zealous for the better gifts: which are to be more or less esteemed, as they are accompanied with charity, as he is going to shew in the next chapter. Wi.
- 1 CORINTHIANS 13
- CHAPTER XIII.
- The apostle here shews the necessity of the great virtue of charity, that is, of the love of God, and of our neighbour. Wi.
- Ver. 1. A tinkling cymbal. Which may give notice, and be beneficial to others, but not to itself. Wi. — Without charity, both towards every individual, and especially towards the common body of the Church, none of the aforesaid gifts will be available. B.
- Ver. 2-3. These prove that faith without good works, and especially charity for God and our neighbour, cannot avail to eternal life; faith and charity are both essentially necessary. Hence S. Augustin declares, that where there is not true faith, there cannot be justice; because the just man liveth by faith: and where charity is not, there can be no justice, which if they had, they would never tear in pieces the body of Christ, which is the Church. De fid. ad Pet. c. xxxix.
- Ver. 4. Charity . . . dealeth not perversely. The Greek word here seems taken from the Latin. S. Chrys. expounds it, is not rash, but acteth prudently and considerately. Others, it is not light or inconstant. Others, it braggeth, or vaunteth not, as in the Prot. translation. Wi.
- Ver. 5. Is not ambitious; which is also the sense of some Greek copies, but in others, and in S. Chrys. it signifies, it is not ashamed of any one. Wi.
- Ver. 8. Prophecies and tongues last no longer than this life. — Knowledge shall be destroyed, that is, that imperfect knowledge we have in this world. For now we know only in part, we only see, as it were, through a glass, and imperfectly. — Faith, which is of things that appear not, and hope, which is of things that we enjoy not, will cease in heaven, but charity, the greater, or greatest even of these three, will remain, and be increased in heaven. Wi.
- Ver. 10. S. Aug. proves from this text, that the saints in heaven have a more perfect knowledge of what passes here below, than when they sojourned on earth. De Civit. Dei. l. xxii. c. 29.
- Ver. 11. When I was a child. I, like you, formerly judged of the goodness and excellency of these spiritual gifts by the advantages the procured; but after the Almighty had bestowed upon me his particular light, my opinion was far otherwise. Prophecy, and the gifts of languages are certainly very estimable gifts, yet charity is much more excellent. Calmet. — It is by charity we approach near to God, that we become his true image. Can we, then, wonder at the magnificent praises, glorious prerogatives, and surprising effects S. Paul gives to this all necessary virtue?
Haydock Commentary Luke 4:21-30
- Ver. 21. By this Christ wished to shew that he was the Messias foretold by the prophet Isaias, whom they so anxiously expected: he declares himself to be the person pointed out by the prophet. There seems also to be a secret reprehension in these words of Christ; as if he were to say: Why are you so desirous to behold the Messias, whom, when he is before your eyes, you will not receive? Why do you seek him in the prophets, when you neither understand the prophets, nor perceive the truth of their predictions, when they are fulfilled before you eyes? Maldonatus.
- Ver. 23. I see you will object to me this similitude, (parabolhn) or trite saying, applied to such as attended to the concerns of others, and neglected their own. Menochius.
- Ver. 30. Passing through the midst of them, went his way. Perhaps by making himself on a sudden invisible, or by striking them with blindness, or by changing their minds, and hearts, as he pleased. Wi. — All commentators observe on these words, that the evangelist wished to shew that Christ worked a miracle on this occasion, and by it proved his divinity. This is the opinion of SS. Euthymius, Ambrose, and Thomas. S. Ambrose says, we must observe that Christ did not suffer from necessity, but because he wished it. He was not taken by the Jews, but delivered up himself; at his own pleasure he is seized, and at his own pleasure he escapes; when he wills it, he is condemned; and when he wills it, he is freed. The most common opinion is, that he rendered himself invisible on this occasion; though others imagine that he changed their wills, or withheld their hands. Maldon. — When we observe the outrageous treatment Jesus Christ met with from the people of Nazareth, we are not surprised that he should shut up the fountain of his beneficence against them for their incredulity, and return to Capharnaum. A.