Daily Bible Readings Tuesday September 30 2008 Memorial of Saint Jerome, priest and doctor of the Church

September 30 2008 Tuesday Memorial of Saint Jerome, priest and doctor of the Church
Saint of the Day – Saint Jerome

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/093008.shtml

Job 3:1-3, 11-17, 20-23
Douay-Rheims Challoner

After this, Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day, And he said:

Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said: A man child is conceived. Why did I not die in the womb? why did I not perish when I came out of the belly? Why received upon the knees? why suckled at the breasts?

For now I should have been asleep and still, and should have rest in my sleep: With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves solitudes: Or with princes, that possess gold, and fill their houses with silver: Or as a hidden untimely birth, I should not be; or as they that, being conceived, have not seen the light.

There the wicked cease from tumult, and there the wearied in strength are at rest. Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to them that are in bitterness of soul? That look for death, and it cometh not, as they that dig for a treasure: And they rejoice exceedingly when they have found the grave? To a man whose way is hidden, and God hath surrounded him with darkness?

Responsorial Psalm 87:2-8 (Ps 88 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

O Lord, the God of my salvation:
I have cried in the day,
and in the night before thee.
Let my prayer come in before thee:
incline thy ear to my petition.
For my soul is filled with evils:
and my life hath drawn nigh to hell.
I am counted among them that go down to the pit:
I am become as a man without help,
Free among the dead.
Like the slain sleeping in the sepulchres,
whom thou rememberest no more:
and they are cut off from thy hand.
They have laid me in the lower pit:
in the dark places, and in the shadow of death.
Thy wrath is strong over me:
and all thy waves thou hast brought in upon me.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:51-56
Haydock New Testament

And it came to pass when the days of his assumption were being accomplished, that he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem. And he sent messengers before his face: and going, they entered into a city of the Samaritans to prepare for him. And they received him not, because his face was of one going to Jerusalem. And when his disciples, James and John, had seen this, they said:

Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven and consume them?

And turning, he rebuked them, saying:

You know not of what spirit you are. The Son of man came not to destroy souls, but to save. And they went into another town.

Haydock Commentary Job 3:1-3, 11-17, 20-23
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 1. Cursed his day. Job cursed the day of his birth, not by way of wishing evil to any thing of God’s creation; but only to express in a stronger manner his sense of human miseries in general, and of his own calamities in particular. Ch. — He has these only in view: though, in another light, it is better for a man to be born, and to undergo any misery, that he may obtain eternal rewards. H. — Some allowances must be made for extreme pain, and for the style of the Eastern (C.) poetry. H. — Jeremias, (xx. 14.) Habacuc, (i. 2.) the psalmist, and even our Saviour in his agony, made use of such strong expressions. Mat. xxvi. 39. and xxvii. 46. Some heretics accuse Job of impatience and blasphemy. The devil, therefore came off with victory; and the praises given to Job’s patience are false. He might offend by some degree of exaggeration. C. — But even that is by no means clear. Time past could not be recalled, nor receive any injury by the maledictions. H.
  • Ver. 11. In the. Heb. “from the womb,” (H.) or as soon as I was born. C. — He seems to have lost sight of original sin, (v. 1.) or there might be some method of having it remitted to children unborn, which we do not know. H.
  • Ver. 12. Knees, by my father or grandfather. Gen. xxx 3. Iliad ix. C.
  • Ver. 13. Sleep. So death is often styled.
  • Olli dura quies oculos et ferreus urget
  • Somnus: in æternam clauduntur lumina noctem. Æneid x.
  • Ver. 14. Consuls. Heb. “counsellors,” or any in great authority. Sept. “kings, the counsellors of the land, who rejoiced, boasting of their swords.” The same word, choraboth, (H.) means both swords and solitudes. D. — Those great ones had prepared their own tombs, which were usually in solitary places; (C.) or they had filled all with their extensive palaces; and removed the people to a distance. H.
  • Ver. 15. Houses, while alive; (C.) or their tombs were thus enriched with silver, (M.) as this practice was not uncommon, v. 22. Joseph. xiii. 15. — Marcian forbade it. S. Chrys. complains it subsisted in his time. Orat. Annæ. C.
  • Ver. 16. Light; dying in the womb. He expresses a desire that he had been thus prevented from feeling his present miseries and danger of sin. H.
  • Ver. 17. Tumult. In the grave they can no longer disturb the world. M. — In strength. Sept. “in body.” Both heroes and labourers then find rest, (C.) if they have lived virtuously. H.
  • Ver. 21. Not. The feel the same eagerness for death as those who seek for a treasure; (C.) and when death is at hand, they rejoice no less than those who discover a grave, in which they hope to find some riches, v. 15. 22.
  • Ver. 22. Grave, full of stores, or the place where they may repose. H.
  • Ver. 23. To. Why is life given to? &c. The uncertainty whether a man be worthy of love or hatred, (EcclI. ix. 1.) and whether he will persevere to the end, is what fills Job with distress; though we must trust that God will suffer none to be tempted above their strength. 1 Cor. x. 13. — He finds himself surrounded with precipices, and in the dark. C. — So God often tries this faithful servants. D.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:51-56

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    Ver. 51. The days of his assumption, i.e. of his ascension into heaven. See the same Greek word in Mar. xvi. 19. and Acts i. 11. He steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, or literally, he fixed[3] his countenance to go up to Jerusalem. And (v. 53.) because his face was of one going to Jerusalem. These expressions come from the style of the Hebrews. See 4 Kings xii. 17. Jerem. xlii. 15. Ezech. iv. 3. The sense is, that the Samaritans perceived that he and his company were going up to adore in Jerusalem, at which they were displeased, having an antipathy against the Jews and their temple. Wi. It is not here said, as some interpreters have believed, that his journey to Jerusalem was the last of his life, in which he was crucified. It appears from the context, that there were still many months before the death of Christ, and that this journey was probably for the feast of Pentecost. But that year was the last of the life of Jesus Christ and he already knew the dispositions of the Jews, and what was to befall him shortly. These words, he set his face, are often used in Scripture for obstinacy and hardness in evil. Prov. vii. 13. 12. 29. Jeremy xlii. 15. &c. But we may likewise take them to signify a strong resolution, and intrepid and inflexible firmness, to perform what you have resolved. Jesus Christ shewed by his air, by his conduct and discourse, that notwithstanding the malice of his enemies, he was determined to go to Jerusalem. Calmet.
  • Ver. 52. Messengers, &c. S. Jerom believes that Christ sent true angels before him to announce his coming. The Greek word aggeloV, generally signifies an angel; but it likewise means a messenger. Most interpreters believe he sent James and John, to prepare what was necessary for provisions and lodging. This precaution was necessary, as he was always followed by great crowds. The history, from verse 51 to the end of the chapter, is mentioned by none of the evangelists, except S. Luke. Calmet.
  • Ver. 54. Wilt thou that we command fire, &c. In the Greek is added as Elias did. These words might be first in the margin, and thence by transcribers taken into the text. The two apostles, called the sons of thunder, knew their Master was greater than Elias; and therefore they are for calling for fire from heaven, as he had done. Wi. It was probably this trait in the life of James and John, which gained t hem the name of boanerges, the sons of thunder. Their too great zeal for the glory of Jesus Christ, and the spirit of revenge, of which they were not yet healed, caused them to make this petition; which seemed in some manner justified by the example of Elias, 4th book of Kings, chap. i. 10. Many editions have the addition of these words, as Elias did. Calmet.
  • Ver. 55. You know not of what spirit you are, i.e. that my Spirit, which you ought to follow, is the Spirit of mercy, mildness, and patience. Wi.
  • Ver. 56. But to save souls. It might be translated, to save men’s lives;[4] but is seems better here to stick to the letter, especially since in most Greek copies we read, the souls of men. Wi.

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Daily Bible Readings Monday September 29 2008 Feast of Sts Michael, Raphael and Gabriel, archangels

September 29 2008 Monday Feast of Saints Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael, archangels
Saint of the Day – Michael, Gabriel and Raphael

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092908.shtml

Daniel 7:9-10, 13-14
Douay-Rheims Challoner

I beheld till thrones were placed, and the ancient of days sat: his garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like clean wool: his throne like flames of fire: the wheels of it like a burning fire. A swift stream of fire issued forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times a hundred thousand stood before him: the judgment sat, and the books were opened.

I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the ancient of days: and they presented him before him. And he gave him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all peoples, tribes, and tongues shall serve him: his power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and his kingdom that shall not be destroyed.

or

Revelation 12:7-12ab
Haydock New Testament

And there was a great battle in heaven: Michael and his Angels fought with the dragon, and the dragon fought, and his angels. And they prevailed not, neither was their place found any more in heaven. And that great dragon was cast out, the old serpent, who is called the devil, and Satan, who seduceth the whole world, and he was cast forth unto the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying:

Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: because the accuser of our brethren is cast forth, who accused them before our God day and night. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of the testimony, and they loved not their lives unto death. Therefore rejoice, O ye heavens, and you that dwell therein.

Responsorial Psalm 137:1-5 (Ps 138 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart:
for thou hast heard the words of my mouth.
I will sing praise to thee in the sight of the angels:
I will worship towards thy holy temple,
and I will give glory to thy name.
For thy mercy, and for thy truth:
for thou hast magnified thy holy name above all.
In what day soever I shall call upon thee, hear me:
thou shalt multiply strength in my soul.
May all the kings of the earth give glory to thee:
for they have heard all the words of thy mouth.
And let them sing in the ways of the Lord:
for great is the glory of the Lord.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint John 1:47-51
Haydock New Testament

Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him: and he saith of him;

Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile.

Nathanael said to him:

Whence knowest thou me?

Jesus answered, and said to him:

Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.

Nathanael answered him, and said:

Rabbi, thou art the Son of God, thou art the king of Israel.

Jesus answered, and said to him:

Because I said to thee, I saw thee under the fig-tree, thou believest: greater things than these shalt thou see.

And he saith to him:

Amen, amen, I say to you, you shall see the heaven opened, and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

Haydock Commentary Daniel 7: 9-10, 13-14
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 9. Ancient. The Son is born of the Father, and the Holy Ghost proceeds from both, yet all three are coeternal. W. — Hence the Father is sometimes painted in this manner, though he be a pure spirit. His throne resembled that seen by Ezechiel, C. i. H. — He takes cognizance of all, and punishes accordingly. C.
  • Ver. 10. Fire. Ps. xcvi. 3. — Thousands. Gr. implies one million and one hundred millions. M. — The angels are very numerous, particularly the highest, styled assistants. S. Tho. W.
  • Ver. 13. Heaven. Christ appeared about sixty years after the subversion of the Syrian monarchy. Yet these expressions literally refer to his second coming. Mat. xxvi. 64. C. — He had the form of man, as he had the nature. M. — He is clearly predicted. by his power antichrist is overthrown. W.
  • Ver. 14. Destroyed. The eternal dominion of Christ could not be expressed in stronger terms. He seems to allude to them, Mat. xxviii. 18. C.

Haydock Commentary Revelation 12:7-12ab

  • Ver. 10-12. Now is come salvation . . . rejoice, O ye heavens. The blessed in heaven rejoice for the victories of the faithful on earth, and also for the reward and glory which would shortly be given them in heaven. Wi. Wo to the earth, &c. Both Pastorini and Calmet refer this woe to the persecution of Dioclesian. The dragon, the devil, is more irritated than ever against the Christians; he therefore stimulates the pagans to exercise their utmost cruelty against them, knowing that a Christian emperor (Constantine) would in a short time extend the reign of Jesus Christ over the whole world.

Haydock Commentary John 1:47-51

  • Ver. 50. Greater things than these. Greater miracles and proofs that I am the Messias, and the true Son of God. Wi.
  • Ver. 51. You shall see the heaven open, &c. It is not certain when this was to be fulfilled: S. Chrysostom thinks at Christ’s ascension; others refer it to the day of judgment. Wi.

Sunday Bible Readings September 28 2008 26th Sunday in Ordinary Time

September 28 2008 26th Sunday in Ordinary Time

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092808.shtml

Ezekiel 18:25-28
Douay-Rheims Challoner

And you have said: The way of the Lord is not right. Hear ye, therefore, O house of Israel: Is it my way that is not right, and are not rather your ways perverse? For when the just turneth himself away from his justice, and comitteth iniquity, he shall die therein: in the injustice that he hath wrought he shall die. And when the wicked turneth himself away from his wickedness, which he hath wrought, and doeth judgment, and justice: he shall save his soul alive. Because he considereth and turneth away himself from all his iniquities which he hath wrought, he shall surely live, and not die.

Responsorial Psalm 24:4-5, 8-10, 14 (Ps 25 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

Let all them be confounded that act unjust things without cause.
Shew, O Lord, thy ways to me, and teach me thy paths.
Direct me in thy truth, and teach me; for thou art God my Saviour;
and on thee have I waited all the day long.
The Lord is sweet and righteous: therefore he will give a law to sinners in the way.
He will guide the mild in judgment: he will teach the meek his ways.
All the ways of the Lord are mercy and truth,
to them that seek after his covenant and his testimonies.
The Lord is a firmament to them that fear him:
and his covenant shall be made manifest to them.

Philippians 2:1-11
Haydock New Testament

IF there be, therefore, any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of charity, if any fellowship of the spirit, if any bowels of commiseration: Fulfil ye my joy, that you be of one mind, having the same charity, being of one accord, agreeing in sentiment. Let nothing be done through strife, nor by vainglory: but in humility, let each esteem others better than themselves. Each one not considering the things that are his own, but those that are other men’s. For let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery, to be himself equal to God: But debased himself, taking the form of a servant, being made to the likeness of men, and in shape found as a man. He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath exalted him, and hath given him a name which is above every name: That in the name of Jesus, every knee should bow of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Matthew 21:28-32
Haydock New Testament

Jesus addressing the chief priests and ancients:

But what think you: A certain man had two sons, and coming to the first he said:

Son, go work today in my vineyard.

And he answering, said:

I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.

And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said:

I go sire. And he went not.

Which of the two did the father’s will?

They say to him:

The first.

Jesus saith to them:

Amen, I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you. For John came to you in the way of justice, and you did not believe him. But the publicans and the harlots believed him: but you seeing it, did not even afterwards repent, that you might believe him.

Haydock Commentary Ezechiel 18:25-28
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 25. Not right, in thus punishing or rewarding for the last act; (Theod.) or rather, God shews that those who complain are guilty.
  • Ver. 27. Alive. Mortal sin destroys that life of grace. C.

Philippians 2:1-11

  • Ver. 1. If there be, therefore, any consolation. If you have any desire to comfort me in Christ, or for Christ’s sake. Wi.
  • Ver. 3. Esteem others better than themselves. S. Thomas (22. q. 162. a. 3.) puts the question, how an innocent man can with truth think himself worse than the most wicked of men? He answers, that a man who has received very extraordinary gifts from God, cannot think these gifts less than what any other has received; but he may reflect that he has nothing, and is nothing of himself. And a man truly humble considers only his own sins and failings, and is persuaded that any other person would have made better use of the same graces; which agrees with what follows, (v. 4) not considering the things that are his own. Wi.
  • Ver. 4. The things that are his. Self-love and self-interest are the two great sources of divisions. The Christian religion teaches a contrary doctrine. Calmet.
  • Ver. 6. Who being in the form[1] of God, (that is truly, properly, and essentially God from eternity, as the ancient Fathers here observed against the Arians) taking the form of a servant, (i.e. taking upon him our human nature) became truly a man, and as man the servant of God, but remaining always God as before, thought it not robbery, no injury to his eternal Father, to be equal, to be esteemed, and to declare himself equal to God, to be one thing with him: as on divers occasions he taught the people, as we have observed in the notes on S. John’s gospel, &c. Wi.
  • Ver. 7. But debased himself: divested himself of all the marks of greatness, for the love of mankind. The Greek text signifies, he made himself void;[2] on which account Dr. Wells, instead of made himself of no reputation, as in the Prot. translation, has changed it into emptied himself; not but that the true Son of God must always remain truly God, as well as by his incarnation truly man, but that in him as man appeared no marks of his divine power and greatness. Made to the likeness[3] of men, not only as to an exterior likeness and appearance, but at the same time truly man by uniting his divine person to the nature of man. In shape[4] (or habit) found as a man: not clothed exteriorly only, as a man is clothed with a garment or coat, but found both as to shape and nature a man; and, as S. Chrys. says, with the appearance of a sinful man, if we consider him persecuted by the Jews, and nailed to an infamous cross. Wi.
  • Ver. 9. God . . . hath given him a name, &c. The name or word Jesus represents the dignity of him who is signified by the name, and who is exalted even as man, above all creatures in heaven, earth, and hell; all which creatures either piously reverence him, or are made subject to him against their will, that every tongue may confess our Lord Jesus to be now, and to have been always, in the glory of his Father, equal to him in substance and in all perfections. Wi.
  • Ver. 10. If we shew respect when the name of our sovereign is mentioned, may we not express our respect also at the name of Jesus; and if to his name, why not to his cross as well as to the throne of the king?

Haydock Commentary Matthew 21:28-32

  • Ver. 28. A certain man had two sons, &c. The ancient interpreters, by the first son generally understand the Gentiles, as also publicans and scandalous sinners; and by the second, the Jewish people. The Gentiles, &c. who at the first did not, would not worship and serve God; yet afterwards they, as also publicans, and many sinners, received the faith, and being converted, became faithful servants of God, and saints: the Jews, or the greatest part of them, who pretended to be God’s servants, and his people, rejected the gospel and their Messias; therefore this commination follows, the publicans, &c. shall go before you into the kingdom of God. Wi. By these two sons are to be understood, says S. Chrysostom, the Gentiles and the Jewish people; the latter our Redeemer wishes to make sensible of their own great ingratitude, and of the ready obedience of the cast-off Gentiles. For they having never heard the law, nor promised obedience have still shewn their submission by their works; whereas the Jews after promising to obey the voice of God, had neglected the performance. Hom. lxviii.

Daily Bible Readings Saturday September 27 2008 Memorial of St Vincent de Paul Priest

September 27 2008 Saturday Memorial of Saint Vincent de Paul, priest
Saint of the Day – St. Vincent de Paul

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092708.shtml

Ecclesiastes 11:9—12:8
Douay-Rheims Challoner

Rejoice therefore, O young man, in thy youth,
and let thy heart be in that which is good in the days of thy youth,
and walk in the ways of thy heart, and in the sight of thy eyes:
and know that for all these God will bring thee into judgment.

Remove anger from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh.
For youth and pleasure are vain.

Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth, before the time of affliction come,
and the years draw nigh of which thou shalt say: They please me not:

Before the sun, and the light, and the moon,
and the stars be darkened, and the clouds return after the rain:

When the keepers of the house shall tremble,
and the strong men shall stagger, and the grinders shall be idle in a small number,
and they that look through the holes shall be darkened:

And they shall shut the doors in the street, when the grinder’s voice shall be low,
and they shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daughters of music shall grow deaf.

And they shall fear high things, and they shall be afraid in the way,
the almond tree shall flourish, the locust shall be made fat,
and the caper tree shall be destroyed:
because man shall go into the house of his eternity,
and the mourners shall go round about in the street.

Before the silver cord be broken, and the golden fillet shrink back,
and the pitcher be crushed at the fountain, and the wheel be broken upon the cistern,

And the dust return into its earth, from whence it was,
and the spirit return to God, who gave it.

Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes, and all things are vanity.

Responsorial Psalm 89:3-6, 12-14 and 17 (Ps 90 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

Turn not man away to be brought low: and thou hast said:
Be converted, O ye sons of men.
For a thousand years in thy sight are as yesterday, which is past.
And as a watch in the night,
Things that are counted nothing, shall their years be.
In the morning man shall grow up like grass;
in the morning he shall flourish and pass away:
in the evening he shall fall, grow dry, and wither.
Can number thy wrath? So make thy right hand known:
and men learned in heart, in wisdom.
Return, O Lord, how long?
and be entreated in favour of thy servants.
We are filled in the morning with thy mercy:
and we have rejoiced, and are delighted all our days.
And let the brightness of the Lord our God be upon us:
and direct thou the works of our hands over us;
yea, the work of our hands do thou direct.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:43b-45
Haydock New Testament
Verse numbering varies.

And all were astonished at the mighty power of God: But while they all wondered at all the things he did, he said to his disciples:

Lay you up in your hearts these words: for it shall come to pass, that the Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men.

But they understood not this word, and it was hid from them, so that they perceived it not. And they were afraid to ask him concerning this word.

Haydock Commentary Ecclesiastes 11:9—12:8
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 9. Eyes. He speaks ironically, (C.) or exhorts to spiritual joy and moderation. S. Greg. Mor. xxiv.
  • Ver. 10. Anger. All turbulent passions, and evil or carnal pleasures. S. Jer.
  • ECCLESIASTES 12
  • CHAPTER XII.
  • Ver. 1. Not. Prevent old age, to procure a stock of virtues. H. — Solomon refutes the former sentiments of the wicked, which he had perhaps once entertained. C.
  • Ver. 2. Before the sun, &c. That is, before old age: the effects of which upon all the senses and faculties are described in the following verses, under a variety of figures. Ch. — All are exhorted to live well, before death come to deprive them of their senses and all helps: and to continue in expectation of judgment, the signs of which are given, as Matt. xxiv. W. S. Jer. — Rain. One misery succeeds another, the understanding is darkened, and the senses become dull. C. — The Jews explain v. 2. 7. of the future distress of their nation under captivity. S. Jer. H.
  • Ver. 3. House. The sides, (S. Jer.) or rather the arms. C. — Some understand prelates, or angels. Thaumat. — And the powers that are in heaven shall be moved. Mar. xiii. 25. H. — Men. The arms, (Chal.) or thighs, (Smith) or those who were formerly the most robust. — Number. The rest have been lost, and what remain are of little service for chewing meat. C. — Holes. Spectacles, (Geier) as if they had been already in use. C. — Heb. “windows.” H.
  • Ver. 4. Doors. The lips, (C.) feet, (Chal.) nostrils, (Vat.) or the trachea and pulmonary arteries. — Bird. The cock-crowing; or at the least sound their slumbers are broken. — Deaf. Heb. “be low.” The ears cannot enjoy music, nor can the voice of the old people please. 2 K. xix. 25.
  • Ver. 5. Way. They shall walk bent down, and afraid of rough ground. — Flourish. Their head shall become white, like the almond-flower. Jer. i. 11. — Fat. Sept. “heavy.” — Destroyed. The hair shall fall off. C. — Concupiscence shall be extinct. Vat. T. — Eternity. The body being consigned to the grave, and the soul to the region of spirits, to have no farther concern with the transactions of the world. H. Job vii. 9. — Street. This custom is often mentioned. Herod. ii. 85. Lu. vii. 32. — The women dance, having one (C.) or two old people disfigured in the midst of them, to recount the actions of the deceased. Brun.
  • Ver. 6. Cord. The nerves. — Fillet. Veins, or the spermatic vessels, (C.) and the soul. S. Jer. — Cistern. When the bladder, &c. become disordered. Num. xxiv. 7. C.
  • Ver. 7. It. Man is composed of two distinct parts; the destination of which we ought never to forget. Thus the objection of infidels (c. iii. 19.) is refuted. Plato and some of the ancients had the same idea of the soul’s spiritual nature; though some took it to be an aerial body. C.
  • Ver. 8. Ecclesiastes. “The preacher.” W. — He returns to his first proposition, and having pushed the objection of free-thinkers as far as possible, shews us what we ought to believe and practise. He establishes the distinction of soul and body, the advantage of instruction, (v. 11.) without meddling with things too high, (v. 12.) the obligation of fearing God, (v. 13.) and future retribution. v. 14. This is the sum of all sound morality. C.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:44-45

  • Ver. 45. They understood not this word. They understood well enough what was meant by being delivered into the hands of his enemies, and being put to death; but they could not comprehend how Jesus Christ, whom they knew to be the Messias, and the Son of God, and whom they believed to be immortal, and eternal, could suffer death, or affronts and outrages from men. These ideas seemed incompatible; they perceived in them some mystery, which they could not penetrate. Calmet.

Daily Bible Readings Friday September 26 2008 25th Week in Ordinary Time

September 26 2008 Friday 25th Week in Ordinary Time
Saint of the Day – Sts. Cosmas and Damian

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092608.shtml

Ecclesiastes 3:1-11
Douay-Rheims Challoner

All things have their season, and in their times all things pass under heaven.
A time to be born and a time to die. A time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted.
A time to kill, and a time to heal. A time to destroy, and a time to build.
A time to weep, and a time to laugh. A time to mourn, and a time to dance.
A time to scatter stones, and a time to gather. A time to embrace, and a time to be far from embraces.
A time to get, and a time to lose. A time to keep, and a time to cast away.
A time to rend, and a time to sew. A time to keep silence, and a time to speak.
A time of love, and a time of hatred. A time of war, and a time of peace.
What hath man more of his labour?
I have seen the trouble, which God hath given the sons of men to be exercised in it.
He hath made all things good in their time, and hath delivered the world to their consideration, so that man cannot find out the work which God hath made from the beginning to the end.

Responsorial Psalm 143:1b and 2abc, 3-4
DR Challoner

Blessed be the Lord my God.
My mercy, and my refuge:
my support, and my deliverer:
My protector, and I have hoped in him.
Lord, what is man,
that thou art made known to him?
or the son of man,
that thou makest account of him?
Man is like to vanity:
his days pass away like a shadow.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:18-22
Haydock New Testament

And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples also were with him: and he asked them, saying;

Whom do the people say that I am?

But they answered, and said:

John the Baptist: but some say Elias; and others say, that one of the former prophets is risen again.

And he said to them:

But whom do you say that I am?

Simon Peter answering, said:

The Christ of God.

But he strictly charging them, commanded they should tell this to no man, Saying:

The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the ancients, and chief priests, and Scribes, and be killed, and rise again the third day.

Haydock Commentary Ecclesiastes 3:1-11
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

Ver. 1. Heaven, in this world, where alone things change. S. Jer. — Nothing is here perpetual, but to be used in a proper manner. W. — The heart must not be attached to any thing created. C. — Pleasure had been condemned and approved. C. 2. He shews that all must have its time. M.

Ver. 5. Stones, with a sling, or to render a field useless. 4 K. iii. 25. Is. v. 2. — Embraces. Countenance was sometimes prescribed for married people. Lev. xx. 18. and 1 Cor. vii. S. Jer. S. Aug. Ench. 78. C. — Hatred often succeeds love. v. 8. and 2 K. xiii. 14. H.

Ver. 9. Labour? What advantage does he derive from any of these things? C. i. 3. C.

Ver. 11. Consideration. Lit. “dispute.” Heb. and Sept. “heart.” H. — Pagn. “He has implanted the desire of immortality in their hearts.” — End. If we could discover the properties of each thing, we should be in raptures; (C.) but as we cannot, this increases our vexation. M.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:18-22

Ver. 18. As he was alone praying: i.e. remote from the people, though his disciples are said to have been with him. Wi.

Daily Bible Readings Thursday September 25 2008 25th Week in Ordinary Time

September 25 2008 Thursday 25th Week in Ordinary Time
Saint of the Day – St. Elzear and Blessed Delphina

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092508.shtml

Ecclesiastes 1:2-11
Douay-Rheims Challoner

Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes: vanity of vanities, and all is vanity.
What hath a man more of all his labour, that he taketh under the sun?
One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth standeth for ever.
The sun riseth, and goeth down, and returneth to his place: and there rising again,
Maketh his round by the south, and turneth again to the north:
the spirit goeth forward surveying all places round about, and returneth to his circuits.
All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea doth not overflow:
unto the place from whence the rivers come, they return, to flow again.
All things are hard: man cannot explain them by word.
The eye is not filled with seeing, neither is the ear filled with hearing.
What is it that hath been? the same thing that shall be.
What is it that hath been done? the same that shall be done.
There is no remembrance of former things:
nor indeed of those things which hereafter are to come,
shall there be any remembrance with them that shall be in the latter end.

Responsorial Psalm 89:3-6, 12-14 and 17bc (Ps 90 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

Turn not man away to be brought low:
and thou hast said:
Be converted, O ye sons of men.
For a thousand years in thy sight
are as yesterday, which is past.
And as a watch in the night,
Things that are counted nothing,
shall their years be.
In the morning man shall grow up like grass;
in the morning he shall flourish and pass away:
in the evening he shall fall, grow dry, and wither.
Can number thy wrath?
So make thy right hand known:
and men learned in heart, in wisdom.
Return, O Lord, how long?
and be entreated in favour of thy servants.
We are filled in the morning with thy mercy:
and we have rejoiced, and are delighted all our days.
And direct thou the works of our hands over us;
yea, the work of our hands do thou direct.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:7-9
Haydock New Testament

Now Herod, the tetrarch, heard of all that was done by him; and he was in a doubt, because it was said By some; That John was risen from the dead: but by some others; that Elias had appeared: and by others; that one of the ancient prophets was risen. And Herod said:

John I have beheaded: but who is this of whom I hear such things?

And he sought to see him.

Haydock Commentary Ecclesiastes (Qoheleth) 1:2-11
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 2. Vanities. Most vain and despicable, (C.) and frustrating the expectations of men. M. — S. Aug. reads vanitantium, and infers that this vanity of sublunary things is an effect of man’s sin. Yet he afterwards discovered that he had read incorrectly. Ret. i. 7.
  • Ver. 3. Labour. People fight for a mere point; for such is the earth compared with the universe. Sen. q. Nat. Hoc est punctum, &c. Matt. xvi. 26.
  • Ver. 4. Ever. Its substance remains, though the form be changed. C. — At the end of time, it will be purified to continue for ever. W.
  • Ver. 5. Place daily. Its annual motion is then mentioned. C.
  • Ver. 6. Spirit. The sun, (S. Jer.) which is like the soul of the world, and which some have falsely asserted to be animated; or rather (C.) the wind is meant, as one rises in different parts of the world when another falls. Pliny ii. 27. M.
  • Ver. 7. Again. The sea furnishes vapours, &c. Homer (Il. f.) expresses himself in the same manner.
  • Ver. 8. Hearing. In all sciences there are many difficulties. If a man had arrived at perfect knowledge, his researches would cease.
  • Ver. 10. New. Such vicissitudes have occurred before, though we must not infer that the world is eternal; or that there have been many others before this, as Origen would suppose. Prin. iii. 5. &c. C. — Men’s souls, which are created daily, are nevertheless of the same sort as Adam’s was; and creatures proceed from others of the same species, which have been from the beginning. S. Tho. p. 1. q. 73. W. — Natural and moral things continue much the same. M.
  • Ver. 11. Things. Otherwise we should read of similar events to those which we behold. The same cause naturally produces the same effect.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:7-9

  • Ver. 8. Risen from the dead. Herod was perplexed and in suspense about the report, that it was John that was risen from the dead. . . . From this it appears, that some of the Jews, and Herod himself, believed in some kind of metempsychosis, or transmigration of souls. Josephus says, (Antiq. lib. xviii, c. 2.) that the Pharisees believed the soul to be immortal; and after death, to depart to some subterraneous places, where they received the recompense of good, or evil, according to their actions. There the souls of the wicked remain for ever, without the power of departing thence. The souls of the good sometimes returned, and entered other bodies. Herod probably thought that the soul of John Baptist was united to that of Christ, in the same body, and was thence enabled to perform new and more extraordinary functions. Such were the reveries of some of the Rabbins; who, as S. Jerom remarks, abused the passages of the gospel we are now explaining, in support of this Pythagorean doctrine. Most of the Jews believed the true doctrine of the resurrection, viz. that of the body; which must one day be renewed to life by the same soul which now animates it: and this is the doctrine of faith and of the Church, which she teaches you from both the Old and New Testament, instead of that transmigration of souls, which has no foundation or appearance of truth. It is probable that this error was widely diffused among the Jews, in our Saviour’s time. It was a doctrine suited to the taste of the Orientals. Some think they can see traces of it in the history of Elias. That prophet being taken away, and the Jews seeing Eliseus perform the same miracles, said, that the spirit of Elias had rested on him. Calmet.

Daily Bible Readings Wednesday September 24 2008 25th Week in Ordinary Time

September 24 2008 Wednesday 25th Week in Ordinary Time
Saint of the Day – St. Pacifico of San Severino

About the sources used. The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Rite of the Catholic Church in the USA, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible for your own personal study. Readings vary depending on your local calendar.

Official Readings of the Liturgy at – http://www.usccb.org/nab/092408.shtml

Proverbs 30:5-9
Douay-Rheims Challoner

Every word of God is fire tried: he is a buckler to them that hope in him.
Add not any thing to his words, lest thou be reproved and found a liar:
Two things I have asked of thee, deny them not to me before I die.
Remove far from me vanity, and lying words.
Give me neither beggary, nor riches: give me only the necessaries of life:
Lest perhaps being filled, I should be tempted to deny, and say: Who is the Lord?
or being compelled by poverty, I should steal, and forswear the name of my God.

Responsorial Psalm 118:29, 72, 89, 101, 104, 163 (Ps 119 NAB/Hebrew)
DR Challoner Text Only

Remove from me the way of iniquity:
and out of thy law have mercy on me.
The law of thy mouth is good to me,
above thousands of gold and silver.
For ever, O Lord, thy word standeth firm in heaven.
I have restrained my feet from every evil way:
that I may keep thy words.
By thy commandments I have had understanding:
therefore have I hated every way of iniquity.
I have hated and abhorred iniquity;
but I have loved thy law.

The Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ According to Saint Luke 9:1-6
Haydock New Testament

THEN having called together the twelve apostles, he gave them power, and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. And he said to them:

Take nothing for your journey, neither staff, nor scrip, nor bread, nor money, neither have two coats. And whatsoever house you shall enter into, abide there, and depart not thence. And whosoever will not receive you: when ye go out of that city, shake off even the dust of your feet for a testimony against them.

And going out, they went about through the towns preaching the gospel, and healing every where.

Haydock Commentary Proverbs 30:5-9
Notes Copied From Haydock Commentary Site

  • Ver. 5. Is fire-tried; that is, most pure, like gold purified by fire. Ch. Ps. xvii. 31. Jer. xxiii. 29. — It cannot deceive.
  • Ver. 6. And not any thing contrary. Deut. iv. 2. and xii. 32. — Liar. Our Saviour condemned the false explanations of the Pharisees, as his Church does those of all heretics.
  • Ver. 8. Words, which are so opposite to thine. v. 5. — Riches. The former often prompts men to deceive, the latter to grow proud and forget God.

Haydock Commentary Luke 9:1-6

  • Ver. 1. Over all devils; so that none should be able to resist them. For all were not equally easy to be expelled, as we shall see in this same chapter, in the person of a possessed child, whom the apostles could not heal, because they did not use prayer and fasting against it; and because their faith was not sufficiently strong and ardent. Calmet.
  • Ver. 4. And depart[1] not from thence. In the ordinary Greek copies we find, and depart from thence. The sense appears, by the other evangelists, (Matt. x. 11. and Mark vi. 10.) that Christ gave this admonition to his disciples, not to change their lodging from house to house; but while they staid in a town, to remain in the same house. And though the negative be here omitted in the Greek, interpreters bring it to the same, by telling us that the sense is, stay here, and depart from thence; i.e. stay in that house, so that leaving the town, you may depart from the same house. Wi.
  • Ver. 8. Risen from the dead. Herod was perplexed and in suspense about the report, that it was John that was risen from the dead. . . . From this it appears, that some of the Jews, and Herod himself, believed in some kind of metempsychosis, or transmigration of souls. Josephus says, (Antiq. lib. xviii, c. 2.) that the Pharisees believed the soul to be immortal; and after death, to depart to some subterraneous places, where they received the recompense of good, or evil, according to their actions. There the souls of the wicked remain for ever, without the power of departing thence. The souls of the good sometimes returned, and entered other bodies. Herod probably thought that the soul of John Baptist was united to that of Christ, in the same body, and was thence enabled to perform new and more extraordinary functions. Such were the reveries of some of the Rabbins; who, as S. Jerom remarks, abused the passages of the gospel we are now explaining, in support of this Pythagorean doctrine. Most of the Jews believed the true doctrine of the resurrection, viz. that of the body; which must one day be renewed to life by the same soul which now animates it: and this is the doctrine of faith and of the Church, which she teaches you from both the Old and New Testament, instead of that transmigration of souls, which has no foundation or appearance of truth. It is probable that this error was widely diffused among the Jews, in our Saviour’s time. It was a doctrine suited to the taste of the Orientals. Some think they can see traces of it in the history of Elias. That prophet being taken away, and the Jews seeing Eliseus perform the same miracles, said, that the spirit of Elias had rested on him. Calmet.