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Sept 25 2007 Tuesday 25th Week Ordinary Time.
About the sources used.
The readings on this site are not official for the Mass of Roman Catholic Church, but are from sources free from copyright. They are here to present the comparable readings alongside traditional Catholic commentary as published in the Haydock Bible.
Official Readings of the Liturgy at – dead link removed – Go here for NAB translation
1 Esdras 6:7-20 (Ezra 6: 7-8, 12b, 14-20 officially)
Douay-Rheims Challoner from SacredBible.org
1 Then king Darius gave orders:
7 And let that temple of God be built by the governor of the Jews, and by their ancients, that they may build that house of God in its place.
8 I also have commanded what must be done by those ancients of the Jews, that the house of God may be built, to wit, that of the king’s chest, that is, of the tribute that is paid out of the country beyond the river, the charges be diligently given to those men, lest the work be hindered.
9 And if it shall be necessary, let calves also, and lambs, and kids, for holocausts to the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the custom of the priests that are in Jerusalem, be given them day by day, that there be no complaint in any thing.
10 And let them offer oblations to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his children.
11 And I have made a decree: That if any whosoever, shall alter this commandment, a beam be taken from his house, and set up, and he be nailed upon it, and his house be confiscated.
12 And may the God, that hath caused his name to dwell there, destroy all kingdoms, and the people that shall put out their hand to resist, and to destroy the house of God, that is in Jerusalem. I Darius have made the decree, which I will have diligently complied with.
13 So then Thathanai, governor of the country beyond the river, and Stharbuzanai, and his counsellors diligently executed what Darius the king had commanded.
14 And the ancients of the Jews built, and prospered according to the prophecy of Aggeus the prophet, and of Zacharias the son of Addo: and they built and finished, by the commandment of the God of Israel, and by the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes kings of the Persians.
15 And they were finishing this house of God, until the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of king Darius.
16 And the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity kept the dedication of the house of God with joy.
17 And they offered at the dedication of the house of God, a hundred calves, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and for a sin offering for all Israel twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.
18 And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses over the works of God in Jerusalem, as it is written in the book of Moses.
19 And the children of Israel of the captivity kept the phase, on the fourteenth day of the first month.
20 For all the priests and the Levites were purified as one man: all were clean to kill the phase for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and themselves.
Haydock Commentary 1 Esdras 6:7-20 (Ezra 6:7-20)
· Ver. 8. Hindered. Thus Darius trod in the footsteps, or perhaps exceeded the liberality of Cyrus. H.
· Ver. 9. Complaint. Prot. “without fail,” (H.) or “delay.” Mont. C.
· Ver. 11. Nailed. Prot. “hanged.” Sept. “covered with wounds, or fastened on it.” H.—Some think that the criminal was to be scourged. De Dieu.—“Let him be hanged on the wood, which shall stand upright, after his house shall have been demolished.” Vatable.—Such was the custom of the Persians. Grot.—Aman perished on the gallows, which he had erected in his own house for Mardocheus. Est. vii. 9.—Confiscated. Prot. “be made a dunghill for this.” H. Syr. &c.—We find some examples of such a treatment. 4 K. x. 27. Dan. iii. 5, and ix. 6. The effects of those who were condemned to die, in Persia, were generally confiscated. Est. iii. 13. and viii. 11. and ix. 14.
· Ver. 14. Artaxerxes, one of the seven who overturned the power of the magi; (Usher, A. 3483) or rather the king of Persia, who lived some time after this, and was very favourable to the Jews. He sent Esdras (A. 3537) and Nehemias (A. 3550) with great powers into the country. C.
· Ver. 15. Adar, corresponding with our Feb. and March. M.—In the latter month they celebrated the Passover, v. 19.—Darius. Hence twenty years had elapsed from the first foundation. They might continue to embellish the temple other twenty-seven years, as the Jews assert; (Jo. ii. 20,) unless they speak of the repairs made by Herod, (Baronius. T.) or exaggerate, (Grot.) being under a mistake. Salien, A. 3537.
· Ver. 17. Goats, which had not left off sucking. M. Numb. Vii. 87.—Israel. The Sam. Chronicle asserts that the tribes returned, as the prophets had foretold, and the sacred history seems to suppose: (C.) which may be true of many, (H.) though the greatest part remained in captivity. C.
· Ver. 18. Moses. Num. iii. 8. David had perfected the plan, 1 Par. xxiii. &c. H.
· Ver. 19. And. Here the author resumes the Heb. language. C.—Captivity, from which they were released, v. 17. H.
· Ver. 20. One man, with zeal and unanimity; so that a second Phase was not to be celebrated. 2 Par. xxx. 3.
Gospel According to Luke 8:19-21
Haydock New Testament
19 And his mother and brethren came to him: and they could not come at him for the crowd. 20 And it was told him:
Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.
21 He answering, said to them:
My mother and my brethren are they, who hear the word of God, and do it.
Haydock Commentary Luke 8:19-21
· Ver. 20. These brethren were not the sons of the blessed Virgin Mary, mother of God, as Helvidius wickedly taught; nor yet the sons of Joseph, by another wife; for, as S. Jerome writeth, not only Mary, but Joseph also, observed virginity. Contra Helvidium, c. ix. et ibidem, c. viii.—In the scriptural idiom, cousins are called brethren. B.
· Ver. 21. There is no tie of affinity and friendship so proper, and so becoming man, as that made by faith in Christ, and strengthened by charity. Tirinus.
My own personal note: I really need to brush up on my own study of tradition because I was unaware that Joseph was a virgin and had thought he was a widower and that some of the brethren were his children from his deceased wife and that others were cousins.