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Sunday Mass Readings for 9/2/2007
Not including Psalms. About the sources – Please read that link if you’re unsure of the text I use.
Official Readings (removed dead link) – Note.
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 3:17-29
(Official readings are snippets of this text and get the point across with fewer words – adjusted words becauseth I hateth 16th century words)
17 And in justice thou shalt be built up, and in the day of affliction thou shalt be remembered: and thy sins shall melt away as the ice in the fair warm weather. 18 Of what an evil fame is he that forsakes his father: and he is cursed of God that angers his mother.
19 My son, do thy works in meekness, and thou shalt be beloved above the glory of men.
20 The greater thou art, the more humble thyself in all things, and thou shalt find grace before God: 21 For great is the power of God alone, and he is honoured by the humble. 22 Seek not the things that are too high for thee, and search not into things above thy ability: but the things that God hath commanded thee, think on them always, and in many of his works be not curious. 23 For it is not necessary for thee to see with thy eyes those things that are hid. 24 In unnecessary matters be not over curious, and in many of his works thou shalt not be inquisitive. 25 For many things are shown to thee above the understanding of men. 26 And the suspicion of them hath deceived many, and hath detained their minds in vanity.
27 A hard heart shall fear evil at the last: and he that loves danger shall perish in it. 28 A heart that goes two ways shall not have success, and the perverse of heart shall be scandalized therein. 29 A wicked heart shall be laden with sorrows, and the sinner will add sin to sin.
Haydock Commentary Sirach 3:17-29
- Ver. 18. Of. Greek, “Like a blasphemer is,” &c. C.—He who reviles his father, meditates blasphemy against the Deity. Menander.
- Ver. 19. Meekness. Here a new subject begins. Goodness begets love. S. Amb. Off. Ii. 7.
- Ver. 20. Greater. The dignity of a person should be the measure of his humility, (S. Amb. De virg. 31.) as the most elevated are the most exposed to pride. Humility is taught only by true wisdom and the gospel. Matt. Xi. 29. Philosophy may inspire us with the contempt of riches, &c. C—Yet humility is the most indispensable duty, and no less essential than delivery to an orator. S. Aug. ep. 118. ad Diosc.—All human greatness comes from God, who requires us to show our gratitude by humility. W.
- Ver. 22. In, &c. The mysterious nature of God, and providence, cannot be comprehended: and in many things we must confess our ignorance. Life is often spent in idle researches.
- Ver. 26. Suspicion. Gr. Comp. “their vain suspicion hath deceived many and their wicked thought has ruined their judgment. Not having the apples of the eye, thou wilt be deprived of light; and being ignorant, do not speak.” The latter sentence is marked by Grabe as wanting in his copy, as it is in the Vat. If we may believe the London edit. (H.) which, however, is not an exact copy, no more than any of the other editions, of that famous MS. Grabe.
- Ver. 27. Heart. Which fears neither God nor man. S. Bern. Cons. 1.—Those who have not shown mercy, can expect none. H.—The impenitent see their folly, like Antiochus, when it is too late. C.—They have loved the danger, which shall overtake them. Prov. i. 26. He seems to refute those who believe in fate, and would take no precautions. C.—Those who live in sin, tempting God to the last hour, generally perish. W.
Hebrews 12:18-24 – Haydock NT text
18 For you are not come to a mountain that might be touched, and a burning fire, and a whirlwind, and darkness, and tempest, 19 and the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words, which they that heard excused themselves, that the word might not be spoken to them. 20 For they did not endure that which was said: And if a beast shall touch the mountain, it shall be stoned. 21 And so terrible was that which was seen, Moses said: “I am frightened, and tremble.” 22 But you are come to Mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to the company of many thousands of Angels, 23 and to the church of the first-born, who are written in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the just made perfect, 24 and to Jesus, the Mediator of the New Testament, and to the sprinkling of blood, which speaketh better than that of Abel.
Haydock Commentary Hebrews 12:18-24
- Ver. 18 For you are not come to a mountain,**&c. That is, to a mountain on earth that can be touched; to wit, to Mount Sinai, where the law was givento Moses, where the mountain seemd all on fire, with dreadful thunder and lightning, whirlwinds, darkness, tempests, sounding of trumpets, voices, &c. which they who heard excused themselves, begging that Moses only, and not God, might speak to them, for they could not without exceeding consternation think of what was then said; that if any man, or even a beast, should touch the mountain, he should be stoned to death. Ex. xix. 15. Nay Moses himself, trembling, was frightened. This particular is nowhere mentioned in the scripture, but the apostle might know it by revelation, or by some tradition among the Jews. Wi.
- Ver. 22. But you are come to Mount Sion, where not a law of fear, like that of Moses, but a new law of love and mercy hath been given you, preached by our Saviour Himself, and by His apostles, testified by the coming of the Holy Ghost, and by the effusion of God’s spirit upon the believers. Here you are called to the city of the living God, (to the Christian Church on earth) and even to the celestial Jerusalem, there to be for ever happy in the company of many millions of Angels; to the church of the first-born, who are written in heaven, (v.23) to be happy with those who have been chosen by a special mercy of God, and blessed with an endless happiness; to be there in the presence of God, the judge of all men, with all the celestial spirits and souls of the just and perfect in the kingdom of God. Jesus Christ is the mediator of this new testament, the redeemer of mankind by his death on the cross, by the sprinkling and effusion of his blood, which speaketh better than that of Abel: the blood of Abel cried to heaven for vengeance, and the blood of Christ for mercy and pardon. Wi.
Luke 14:1, 7-14 Haydock NT text.
(This appears to be broken for a good reason, to separate parables for the purpose of matching the other readings)
1 And it came to pass, when Jesus went into the house of a certain chief of the Pharisees, on the Sabbath-day, to ear bread, and they were watching him.
7 And he spoke a parable also to them that were invited, marking how they chose the first seats at the table, saying to them: 8 “When thou art invited to a wedding, sit not down in the highest place, lest perhaps one more honourable than thou be invited by him: 9 And he who invited thee, and him, come and say to thee: “Give place to this man”; and then thou begin, with blushing, to take the lowest place. 10 But when thou art invited, go sit down in the lowest place; that when he who invited thee cometh, he may say to thee: “Friend, go up higher.” Then shalt thou have glory before them that sit at table with thee. 11 Because every one that exalteth himself, shall be humbled: and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted.”
12 And he said to him that had invited him: “When thou makest a dinner, or a supper, call not they friends, nor thy brethren, nor they kinsmen, nor they neighbours who are rich; lest they also invite thee again, and a recompense be made to thee. 13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the feeble, the lame, and the blind: 14 And thou shalt be blessed, because they have not wherewith to make thee recompense: for recompense shall be made thee at the resurrection of the just.”
Haydock Commentary Luke 14:1, 7-14
- Ver. 1. This was the Hebrew expression for taking a meal; their frugality probably suggested this method of expression, bread being the principal part of their repast. Calmet. –What a contrast here between the actions of the Pharisees and those of our Saviour! They watched all his actions, in order to have an opportunity of accusing him, and of putting him to death; whilst he, on the contrary, seeks after nothing but the salvation of his enemies souls. Tirin.
- Ver. 7. A parable. What parable? In the text there is no parable, but only instruction. Maldonatus thinks that our Saviour spoke a parable on this occasion, which S. Luke has omitted, giving us only the moral and the substance of the instruction conveyed by it. Calmet.—To take the lowest place at a feast, according to our Saviour’s injunctions, is certainly very becoming; but imperiously to insist upon it, is far from acting according to our Saviour’s wishes, particularly when it is destructive of regularity, and productive of discord and contention. S. Basil.
- Ver. 9. The lowest place. A person of the first quality is not to do this literally, which would be preposterous; but it is to teach every one humility of heart and mind. Wi.
- Ver. 12. Christ does not here forbid the invitation of friends and relatives, since that would be acting directly contrary to his own maxims and spirit, which breath nothing but charity and union. He merely wishes to purify our motives in the disposal of our charity, by insinuating that there is more merit in giving to the indigent , from whom we can expect no remuneration. Calmet.—It is only an effect of avarice, to be liberal to those who will repay us, says S. Ambrose. It is our duty as acknowledged even by heathens (Cicero de Off. l. i.) to assist those who stand most in need of it; but our practice says the same author, is to be most obsequious to those from whom we expect most, though they want our services the least. S. Ambrose, Ven. Bede, and S. Chrys. Are of the same opinion.